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Rishtan, Ferghana Valley

Rishtan: Glazed Ceramics

At 50 km west of Fergana, there is a village of Rishtan, whose residents are known for their pottery. From historical sources we know that even 800 years ago talented craftsmen produced pottery in Rishtan. Rishtan pottery differs with richness of decor, which is dominated by blue.

This unique blue glaze "ishkor" is produced by hand from natural mineral pigments and ash mountain plants. The products are made from red clay that is mined only here. From generation to generation craftsmen pass the secrets of their skillful mastery. Big dishes - "lagans", deep bowl "kosa", spit water-jugs, vessels for milk, ornamented with glaze "ishkor" unforgettable turquoise and ultramarine colors, made Rishtan and its masters famous on numerous international exhibitions. They decorate exposure of many museums in the world and private collections.

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Nurata: the small town with holy spring

The small town Nurata is located in the foothills of Nuratau Mountains, stretching out hundreds kilometers from Jizzakh and Barren Steppe to Navoi and Kyzylkum desert. It is the administrative and cultural center of mountain area in Navoi region and is located almost 200 km from Samarkand.
There are a lot of legends related with the origin of the city and its name. People refer the origin of the city to the fortress Nur, which was founded by Alexander the Great in 4th century BC. However, according to archeological excavations the cultural layer in this area reaches the age of 40 thousand years. Supposedly, the main reason to choose this place for settlement was the spring, known as Chashma.
According to legends, many millennia ago a fire rock (probably meteorite) fell from the sky and a spring of healing water appeared where it hit the ground. By the way the place name is also connected with this legend. Nurata can be translated as “Ray of Father” or as “Ray-father”. The complex Chashma is considered as one of the most important Islam centers in this region. Thousands of believers from neighboring towns as well as from other countries come to visit it every year. The complex consists of Djuma-Mosque (Friday mosque), qubba, bathhouse, hill, remained after ancient fortress and the well with holy spring. They say that sometimes a strange radiance appears over the spring, confirming local saying “Allah presented us with Nur (ray)!” More information on our website

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Nukus, the capital of the Republic of Karakalpakstan Nukus is located in the north of Uzbekistan near the Aral Sea, surrounded by three deserts - the Kara Kum, Kyzyl Kum and Ustyurt.

In 2012 Nukus celebrated the 80th anniversary. It is very young, in comparison with thousand-year history of other cities in Uzbekistan, but in spite of this the land, on which the city is located, has an ancient cultural stratum, which according to archaeology researches belongs to the 4th century BC - 4th century AD.

Many centuries ago the ancient city Shurcha was on the site of current Nukus. Now this ancient town can be seen in the northwestern part of Nukus. According to historians, the town was one of the defensive fortresses, protecting the border of the ancient state of Khorezm and controlling the waterway on Amu Darya. Local people say that until recently remnants of walls and towers could be found in the area of Shurcha town.

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#uzbekistan #karakalpakstan #nukus #centralasia #tourism #travel #trip #discovery #history #nature #desert #city #ancient #river #узбекистан #каракалпакстан #нукус #центральнаяазия #пустыня #путешествие #туризм #природа #приключения #город #история #древние

Navoi is the real oasis in the steppe. It is the youngest city of the country. Its construction was started by the Government Decree in 1958. It was named after the great Uzbek poet, scientist and state figure Alisher Navoi. The city has economic importance and is the large industrial center of the western part of Uzbekistan. The city became, as it were, the outpost of desert development.

Though the city is very young, this area and surroundings of current Navoi has rich history. In ancient times the Great Silk Road passed through these lands. Also findings of numerous traces of Ancient Saki, Khorezm, Baktriya cultures resulted from archeological researches of the area.

45 kilometers from Navoi there is the Sarmish Gorge – “the biggest stone mural gallery in the world”. On the area of two kilometers length you will find almost four thousands petroglyphs of various periods. Researchers have found here strange paintings, representing “ancient astronauts”. Moreover, from time to time, anomalous phenomena occur in the mysterious gorge of Sarmish, and therefore this area attracts researchers of UFO centers.
Today Navoi city is one of the leading industrial centers of Uzbekistan. It has Navoi Mining & Metallurgical Combinat, producing gold, JSC “Navoiazot”, specializing on production of mineral fertilizers, ammonia and artificial Nitron Fiber, electrochemical plant. In addition, Navoi has Navoi Hydropower station, the largest in Uzbekistan JSC “Kyzylkumcement” and many others industrial projects of republican importance.

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#uzbekistan #navoi #centralasia #city #travel #discovery #tourism #trip #history #nature #desert #oasis #ufo #silkroad #узбекистан #навои #город #центральнаяазия #путешествие #приключения #туризм #история #природа #пустыня #оазис #нло #шелковыйпуть

Namangan: large city in the Ferghana Valley

Namangan city dates back to the 17th century, when, in the north of the Ferghana Valley, a settlement for local salt miners of ores (naman kann) has appeared. In the 17th century after the devastating earthquake residents of Aksikent (Ahsykenta) moved here. Aksikent is the ancient city, which once was the center of the Fergana Valley. In the middle of the 18th century the city became the administrative center of the province (viloyat). In 1875, Namangan became the part of Russia. At that time the new city was laid under the regular plan. New city was separated from the old part by the fortress, from which, according to established order, streets were laid in a semicircle. In the early twentieth century, Namangan was the second most populous city and center of cotton processing in the Fergana Valley, and then the third largest in the country, after Tashkent and Samarkand.

Currently, Namangan is developed as the center of light and food industries. The city abounds in green orchards and parks. Not far from Namangan there are ruins of the ancient city of Aksikent. Archaeological researches state that the city had a citadel and strong fortifications. Trade and handicraft production was well-developed here. Before the thirteenth century Aksikent was the capital of the Fergana Valley. But then it was destroyed by the Mongols, and in the seventeenth century, the strongest earthquake destroyed it to the ground.

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#namangan #uzbekistan #centralasia #fergana #valley #city #trip #history #nature #tourism #travel #discovery #earthquake #узбекистан #наманган #фергана #долина #город #история #природа #туризм #путешествие #землетрясение

Muynak (Moynak). The Tragedy City

Many modern cities have emerged from the settlements standing on trade routes crossings, river banks or industrial projects.

But what does happen with them when trade routes change their routes, the factories are closed down, and the rivers dry up?

To get at least a partial answer to the question, you should visit the city of Muynak because it is the living example of the Aral tragedy.

In former times Muynak (Moynak) used to be located right on the bank of Aral Sea - today 100 km of dry land parts them. The lake which was called the sea for its magnificent beaches, abundance of fish and large size, now has turned into a desert. Local people call the desert as Aral Kum (similar to the Kyzyl-Kum Desert). Formerly seagoing ships sailed in the sea-desert. Now they stand in the port of Muynak in the well-known “cemetery of ships”. It's hardly possible that they would ever return to furrow the Aral Sea. They just stand there abandoned, rusting and sinking to the depths of non-existence.

The cold reports testify that the Aral Sea shipping ceased in 1970. Old residents still remember the sea waves rolling in the Muynak embankment in 50s - early 60s. Today sandy beaches have disappeared without a trace; fishermen do not brag about their big catches anymore, people leave their homes.

People lost all hope that sea would return, economy of the region tries to adjust to new conditions, and the Tragedy-City is as if in a drowse. Nobody knows whether the city will prosper like 30 years ago.

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Margilan, a centre of silk-noil spinning

In 2007, the country widely celebrated the 2000th anniversary of Margilan. This is another city in the list of famous historical cities of Uzbekistan with a millennia history.

Located in the south of the Fergana Valley, Margilan lies in a picturesque place that formerly was right at the crossroads of trade caravans from China to the West and vice versa. The origin of Margilan is closely related to the opening of the Silk Road. Even though the birth of city is not regarded to this ancient caravan route, then certainly the Silk Road made Margilan the center of silk and chief keeper of its secrets. As far back as in the 10th century Margilan - the largest city in the Ferghana Valley - was widely known for its silk products on far West and East. Since time immemorial, it is famous for great masters - craftsmen of silk fabrics such as adras khan-atlas, and many others. Beautiful silk, manufactured in the city and its surroundings, was exported to Europe and the East along the ancient Great Silk Road routes into Baghdad, Kashgar, Khurasan, Egypt and Greece. Even today Margilan considers as the silk capital of Uzbekistan. It produces the famous khan-atlas, woven and dyed by hand under the ancient technology. Amazing in beauty and originality Margilan embroidery - Suzanne and skullcaps say about the variety of beautiful Margilan atlas.

There is a legend about the appearance of the city name, connected with the invasion of Alexander the Great. Local residents, having known about the intention of Alexander to visit their city, prepared a red carpet for him. One of the elders of the city offered to welcome the guest with chicken and bread. Alexander the Great asked after the feast what was the name of the dish. He was replied: "Murginon", that means "chicken and bread". On the way back, he tasted this dish again, and after called this area as "Murginon". Since that time, the city carries the name Margilan.

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#uzbekistan #margilan #fergana #valley #centralasia #travel #trip #tourism #discovery #history #nature #mountains #mosque #silkroad #legend #city #silk #узбекистан #маргилан

Kuva - a bright sight enriching the touristic route in the Fergana Valley

Kuva is a small town located in the north-east of Fergana region, 20 km from the regional center of Fergana city. The city’s administrative center was founded in 1927. Kuva district borders on Tashlak, Iziyavan ones of Kuvasai town and also on Asaka and Markhamat districts of Andijan region, Republic of Kyrgyzstan (19,2 km). The total district area is 440 km2.

The town name originated from Turk tribal name “kuva” known among the Kyrgyz and Uzbek peoples. The exact data when the town was founded is unknown but scients-archeologists conducting the study of the ancient city refer the data to the III century BC.

According to the study based on the Arab written sources of the VII-Х centuries, the medieval city was known as Kuba city. It was situated along the ancient caravan road which connected the Fergana Valley with Kashgar. Once Kuba ranked the second in the region after the ancient capital of the Ferghana Valley – Ahsiket, but late in the XIII century the city was destroyed by the Mongolian invasion.

The ancient city consisted of three parts: a citadel, shakhristan (inner part of the city) and rabid (residential part of the city). In the Middle Ages Kuva played an important economic and political role in the Fergana valley which at that time had developed handicrafts especially such as pottery and gold-work, metal treatment.

The first archeological studies of the city started as back as 50-s of the XX century during construction of the Big Fergana Canal, but the expedition of 1956-57 was the largest success in findings.

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#uzbekistan #kuva #centralasia #fergana #valley #history #ancient #nature #mountains #trip #travel #tourism #discovery #узбекистан #кува #центральнаяазия #фергана #долина #история #древние #природа #горы #туризм #путешествие

Kokand: one of the centers of the Great Silk Road

Kokand city, located in the western part of the Fergana Valley, is one of the most ancient cities of Uzbekistan. The first written records about the city Hukande, Havokande (old names of the city) were found in the chronicles of the 10th century. The town was important trade center on the Silk Road and in the 13th century, like most Central Asian cities, was destroyed by the Mongols.

The world fame came to the city in the 18th century, when it became the capital of the richest and the most developed Kokand Khanate. In the first half of 18th century near the current city (the territory of Bukhara Khanate that time), the founder of the Kokand Khans’ Dynasty laid the fortress of Eski-Kurgan (1732), which actually gave birth to new Kokand. Soon it has got its former name – “Khuk-kand" (“Boar city"). Originally it was a small possession, isolated from the Bukhara Emirate, but gradually it has expanded geographically.

The Khanate reached its power in the first half of the nineteenth century, when its territory included the major part of present-day Uzbekistan, part of southern Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and China. The Kokand Khanate also included Tashkent and Shymkent. It was a big, powerful state, prosperous trading and religious center. Only in Kokand there were over 300 mosques and dozens of madrassahs.

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#uzbekistan #kokand #centralasia #silkroad #history #discovery #travel #tourism #узбекистан #коканд #центральнаяазия #шелковыйпуть #история #путешествие #туризм

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