Egypt's Karnak Temple was built in alignment with the solstice, in order to focus light on a shrine to the sun god. The most famous winter solstice celebration is led by Druids at the prehistoric Stonehenge monument in Wiltshire, England, which was built with a sightline pointed directly at the solstice sunset.
Druids believe the solstice marks the rebirth of the sun. Prehistoric peoples watched winter slowly lengthen each night for weeks, which caused a great deal of anxiety. Celebrating the winter solstice was a way to encourage the sun to reverse its course, remember its gift to mankind and slowly become kinder and more plentiful to the earth until spring. For Druids, celebrating the winter solstice is a recognition that things are difficult and a call for hope that everything will soon improve.❤️