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theunsungheroines theunsungheroines

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GAME CHANGERS -  It’s paramount, especially now, that we honor women who paved the way, b/c without visibility & representation our history becomes lost. 📥 me stories!

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In 1962, Annie Lee Cooper returned to Selma to care for her elderly mother. Appalled by the fact that although she had been a registered voter in Pennsylvania and Ohio she was unable to register to vote in Alabama, Cooper began to participate in the Civil Rights Movement. Her attempt to register to vote in 1963 resulted in her being fired from her job as a nurse at a rest home. She then worked as a clerk at the Torch Motel. In January 1965, Cooper stood in line for hours outside the Dallas County Courthouse to register to vote until Sheriff Jim Clark ordered her to vacate the premises. Clark prodded Cooper in the neck with a billy club until Cooper turned around and hit the sheriff in the jaw, knocking him down. Deputies then wrestled Cooper to the ground as Clark continued to beat her repeatedly with his club. Cooper was charged with "criminal provocation" and was escorted to the county jail, and then held for 11 hours before being allowed to leave. She spent the period of her incarceration singing spirituals. Some in the sheriff's department wanted to charge her with attempted murder. Following this incident, Cooper became a registered voter in her home state. On June 2, 2010, Annie Lee Cooper became a centenarian. Reflecting on her longevity, she stated, "My mother lived to be 106, so maybe I can live that long, too. On November 24, 2010, Cooper died at the Vaughan Regional Medical Center in Selma, Alabama.In the 2014 film Selma, Cooper was portrayed by Oprah Winfrey. Winfrey said that she took the role "because of the magnificence of Annie Lee Cooper and what her courage meant to an entire movement. #theunsungheroines

Thank you WOMEN near and far, for using your voices to empower others ✊🏽 #theunsungheroines

Dorie Ladner was arrested in 1962 trying to integrate the Woolworth lunch counter in downtown Jackson. One day when she was twelve, Dorie was reading an issue of Jet Magazine at a convenience store, when the store’s white clerk “slapped her on the behind.” “I turned around and started beating him with the bag of doughnuts,” she recalled. When she told her mother of the incident, her mother replied “you should have killed him. Don’t ever let any white man touch you wrong.” So, explained Dorie, when she and her sister Joyce became part of the Movement, they were simply “doing what they prepared us to do.” In addition, Ladner was a supporter of the Anti-Vietnam War Movement and worked in the presidential campaigns of Eugene McCarthy and George McGovern. She went on to serve as a community organizer for the Anti Poverty Program in St. Louis, Missouri, and was an advocate for civil rights in housing and employment. Ladner has also worked for the Martin Luther King Library Documentation Center to help collect the history of people who were participants in the Civil Rights Movement. Via SNCC #theunsungheroines

In 1968 Kusama began staging nude festivals on Sundays at Washington Square Park serving as Vietnam War protests. In an open letter to President Richard Nixon the artist exclaimed “ you can’t eradicate violence by using more violence ....lose yourself in the timeless stream of eternity... anatomic explosions are better than atomic exclamations.” #theunsungheroines

Rosalind Franklin is best known for her work on the X-ray diffraction images of DNA, while at King's College, London, which led to the discovery of the DNA double helix for which ( 😡 ) James Watson, Francis Crick and Maurice Wilkins shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1962. Watson suggested that Franklin would have ideally been awarded a Nobel Prize in Chemistry, along with Wilkins, but the Nobel Committee does not make posthumous nominations. She said: " Science and everyday life cannot and should not be separated." 🌱❤️#theunsungheroines

Shulamith Bath Shmuel Ben Ari Feuerstein was the second of six children of Orthodox Jewish parents born in Ottawa and raised in Kansas City and St. Louis, Missouri. She was a central figure in the early development of radical feminism, having been a founding member of the New York Radical Women, Redstockings, and New York Radical Feminists. In 1970, she authored The Dialectic of Sex: The Case for Feminist Revolution, an important and widely influential feminist text. Firestone withdrew from politics in the early seventies, moved to Saint Marks Place, and worked as a painter. In the late eighties she struggled with mental illness. In 1998 she published a haunting account of life in and out of psychiatric hospitals entitled Airless Spaces. "To be worshiped is not freedom." -Shulamith Firestone #theunsungheroines

“It is interesting,” Kate Millett wrote in “Sexual Politics,” “that many women do not recognize themselves as discriminated against; no better proof could be found of the totality of their conditioning.” @rosemcgowan ✊🏽#theunsungheroines

Susan Brownmiller is an American feminist journalist, author, and activist best known for her 1975 book Against Our Will: Men, Women, and Rape. Brownmiller argues that rape had been previously defined by men rather than women, and that men use it as a means of perpetuating male dominance by keeping all women in a state of fear. The New York Public Library selected Against Our Will as one of 100 most important books of the twentieth century. In order to write the book, after having helped to organize the New York Radical Feminist Speak-Out on Rape on January 24, 1971, and the New York Radical Feminist Conference on Rape on April 17, 1971, she spent four years investigating rape. She studied rape throughout history, from the earliest codes of human law up into modern times. She collected clippings to find patterns in the way in which rape is reported in various types of newspapers, analyzed portrayals of rape in literature, films, and popular music, and evaluated crime statistics. On March 26, 1970, she accepted an invitation to appear on “The Dick Cavett Show” ( I am posting some of the posts in my Instagram stories ) and the other guest turned out to be Hugh Hefner. She came out on stage and said: “Hugh Hefner is my enemy. Women aren’t bunnies, they’re not rabbits, they’re human beings.” Then, she addressed Hugh Hefner directly, and said, “The day you come out here with a cottontail attached to your rear end …” #theunsungheroines #metoo

"Men come to me and say: What you are saying about men isn't true. It isn't true of me. I don't feel that way. I am opposed to all of this." And I say" Don't tell me tell the pornographers. Tell the pimps. Tell the warmakers. Tell the rape apologists and rape celebrationists and the pro rape ideologues. Tell the novelists who think rape is wonderful. Tell Larry Flynt. Tell Hugh Hefner. There is no point in telling me. I am only a woman. There is nothing I can do about it. These men presume to speak for you. They are in the public arena saying that they represent you. If they don't, then you better let them know. - Andrea Dworkin ⠀


Dworkin joined a feminist consciousness raising group, and soon became involved in radical feminist organizing, focusing on campaigns against violence against women. In addition to her writing and activism, Dworkin gained notoriety as a speaker, mostly for events organized by local feminist groups. She became well known for passionate, uncompromising speeches that aroused strong feelings in both supporters and critics, and inspired her audience to action, such as her speech at the first Take Back the Night march in November 1978. #theunsungheroines
#metoo @rosemcgowan thank u

"Power is being able to say complete and utter nonsense and have it be believed, powerlessness is where no matter how much cogent evidence and proof one has, to not be believed." - Catharine MacKinnon is an American radical feminist, scholar, lawyer, teacher and activist. As a legal scholar, MacKinnon addresses the issues of sexual harassment and pornography. MacKinnon published "Sexual Harassment of Working Women", arguing that sexual harassment is a form of sex discrimination under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and any other sex discrimination prohibition. While working on "Sexual Harassment", she shared draft copies with attorneys litigating early sexual harassment cases, including Nadine Taub, who represented Yale undergraduates in Alexander v. Yale, the first test case of MacKinnon's legal theory. While the students ultimately lost, primarily on technical grounds, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit recognized that, under the civil rights statute Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, schools have a responsibility to address sexual harassment as a form of sex discrimination. #theunsungheroines #metoo

Kathleen Neal Cleaver became the Communications Secretary in 1967 for the Black Panther Party and worked on organizing demonstrations, creating pamphlets, holding press conferences, designing posters, and speaking at rallies and on TV. The party was revolutionary in the way that gender was approached; over two thirds of the members were women. After many years Kathleen Cleaver went back to school in 1981, receiving a full scholarship from Yale University. She graduated in 1984, Phi Beta Kappa and summa cum laude with a Bachelor of Arts degree in history. In 2005, Cleaver was selected an inaugural Fletcher Foundation Fellow. She is currently serving as senior lecturer at Emory University School of Law. In addition to her career, she works on numerous campaigns, including freedom for death-row inmate Mumia Abu-Jamal and habeas corpus for Geronimo Pratt. Cleaver has also worked for many years on and published her book Memories of Love and War. She and other former members of the Black Panther Party continue to meet and discuss issues and heal from the movement. #theunsungheroines

Fannie Lou Hamer was an American voting rights activist, and a leader in the Civil Rights Movement. Since 1890, most black men and women had been disenfranchised in Mississippi by a constitution and laws that raised barriers to voter registration, such as poll tax, and literacy and comprehension tests assessed by white registrars. In the late 1950s and early 1960s, black people who tried to register to vote in Mississippi and other southern states faced serious hardships due to institutionalized racism, including harassment, loss of their jobs, and physical attacks and death. Hamer said:⠀

"I guess if I'd had any sense, I'd have been a little scared — but what was the point of being scared? The only thing they could do was kill me, and it kinda seemed like they'd been trying to do that a little bit at a time since I could remember."⠀

On June 9, 1963, Hamer was on her way back from Charleston, South Carolina, with other activists from a literacy workshop. Stopping in Winona, Mississippi, the group was arrested on a false charge and jailed. Once in jail, Hamer's colleagues were beaten by the police in the booking room. Hamer was then taken to a cell where two inmates were ordered, by the police, to beat her using a blackjack. The police ensured she was held down during the almost fatal beating, and beat her further when she started to scream. Released on June 12, she needed more than a month to recover. Though the incident had profound physical and psychological effects, Hamer returned to Mississippi to organize voter registration drives, including the "Freedom Ballot Campaign", a mock election, in 1963, and the "Freedom Summer" initiative in 1964. Hamer died on March 14, 1977, aged 59, at Mound Bayou Community Hospital in Mound Bayou, Mississippi. She was buried in her hometown of Ruleville, Mississippi. Her tombstone is engraved with one of her famous quotes:⠀

“ I am sick and tired of being sick and tired. —Fannie Lou Hamer #theunsungheroines #neverthelessshepersisted

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