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themedicalmentors themedicalmentors

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The Medical Mentors  ♦️Medical Science Education ♦️Innovative Medical Research ♦️Improving Health Literacy

Skin transplant on a 9 year old boy after a second degree burn on his left upper arm. The skin was harvested from his left upper leg following the removal of the damaged skin. There are two types of skin grafts, the more common type uses layer removed from a healthy part of the body (the donor section) like peeling a potato, or a full thickness skin graft, which involves pitching and cutting skin away from the donor section. A full thickness skin graft is more risky, in terms of the body accepting the skin, yet it leaves only a scar line on the donor section, similar to a c-section scar. For full thickness skin grafts, the donor section will often heal much more quickly and it is less painful than a partial thickness skin graft.
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Photo credit: @cudoviste75
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#burn #skin #graft #injury #trauma #science #biology medical #emergency #medlife #medicalschool #medstudent #medschool #medicalstudent #futuredoctor #3rddegreeburn#emergencyroom #hospital #trauma #skingraft #healthcare #pain #donor #traumasurgery #injury #physicianassistant

This is a real device called an LVAD (left ventricular assist device). LVADs are surgically implanted mechanical heart pumps which are used for patients suffering from heart failure and other heart diseases. The device is sometimes called a "bridge to transplant" but is now used in long-term therapy. People awaiting a heart transplant must wait for a long time before a suitable heart becomes available from a donor.  During this wait, the patient's heart may deterioriate and become unable to pump enough blood to sustain life. An LVAD can help a weak heart and "buy time" for the patient or eliminate the need for a heart transplant. The LVAD doesn't replace the heart, it just helps it do its job. This can mean the difference between life and death for a person whose heart needs a rest after open-heart surgery or is too weak to effectively pump on its own.
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 The function is pretty simple, the LVAD has a tube that pulls blood from the left ventricle into a pump. The pump then sends blood into the aorta. This effectively helps the weakened ventricle to do its job properly, and relieves symptoms such as shortness of breath. A Permenant LVAD is currently being used in some terminally ill patients whose conditions makes them inteligible for heart transplantation.
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#LVAD #cardiovascular #heart #ventricularassistdevice #heartsurgery #surgery #cardiacsurgery #science #anatomy #medicine #medicalschool #medlife #medicalstudent #medstudent #medschool #MD #futuredoctor #medicalcase #medical #medicalfield #hearttransplant #surgeon #surgical #hospital #surgicalresident

This baby was born prematurly at 27 weeks gestation weighing only 1.5 pounds (700g). Because his lungs weren't fully developed he suffered from a neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, which occcurs almost exclusively in premature infants. It is characterized by insufficient production of surfactant, which normally helps in keeping the lungs inflated and prevents the collapse of the alveoli. He required 3 doses of pulmonary surfactant for his lungs and had just completed antibiotic treatment for a possible early sepsis, and he was still in stable condition! What a resilient little one!
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Credit: @pediatra_leoescobar and @medicalforum
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#medical #medicine #baby #newborn #prematurebaby #premmie #preemie #nursing #medstudent #medicalstudent #md #medicalfield #babies #livebirth #respirstory #hospital #premature #littlebaby #doctors #obgyn #gynecologist #obstetrics #futuredoctor #premed #medicalschool #medschool #life

The inside of a tumor!
This video shows a massive teratoma being cut open. A teratoma is a tumor with tissues or organ components resembling normal derivatives of more than one germ layer. Although the teratoma may be monodermal or polydermal (originating from one or more germ layers), its cells may differentiate in ways suggesting other germ layers. The tissues of a teratoma, although normal in themselves, may be quite different from surrounding tissues and may be highly disparate; teratomas have been reported to contain hair, teeth, bone and, very rarely, more complex organs or processes such as brain matter,eyes,torso,and hands, feet, or other limbs!
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#teratoma #science #neurology #neuroscience #surgery #cancer #cancersucks #brainsurgery #cancersurvivor #brains #medstudent #medicalstudent #medschool #medicalschool #neurons #tumor #generalsurgery #nurse #surgeon #murse #nurselife #futuredoctor #doctor #premedical #premed #MD #spine #anatomy

Human Development! 👶🏽
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This picture shows a 5-6 weeks old human fetus. At this point in development the mouth is just starting to develop, and the circulatory system has most likely already formed. The nervous system and digestive tract are also forming around this time. By week 7, the fetus will be twice the size as displayed in this picture ! Fast forward to week 12 and the baby's reflexes kick in: His fingers will soon begin to open and close, toes will curl, and his mouth will make sucking movements. At this point in time, the baby is still only the size of a lemon....
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Can you name each stage of human development? Tag someone who can ! 👇🏻👇🏻
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#medicine #instadaily #emergency #embryology #medical #medicalschool #nurselife #fetus #baby #development #biology #science #scienceiscool #nursing #medlife #ovary #child #childbirth #greysanatomy #med #alternative #uterus #healthy #health #doctor #doctorwho #doctors #meditate #instahealth

Massive brain tumor alert! Glioblastomas (GBM) are tumors that arise from astrocytes—the star-shaped cells that make up the “glue-like,” or supportive tissue of the brain. These tumors are usually highly malignant (cancerous) because the cells reproduce quickly and they are supported by a large network of blood vessels. Cancerous cells can release growth factors that promote abnormal angiogenesis. These growth factors are similar to the conductor of a symphony - they guide and control the direction, growth, and branching patterns of the newly formed vessels.
The growth of additional vessels specifically for the tumor supply the tumor with nutrients to thrive and grow. If this blood supply is cut off, it makes it harder for the tumor to survive. .
💥TAG A FRIEND WHO IS INTERESTED IN MEDICAL SCIENCE! Help our community grow! 💥
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Information taken from the American Brain Tumor Association
#medical #science #tumors #medecine #scienceiscool #info #astrocytes #medstudent #health #med #med #medicine #medschool #medikal #medlife #surgeon #medstudent #surgery #doktor #doctor #medicalstudent #medicalassistant #medschool #physician #immunesystem #cancer #biology #chemistry

An angiography of the brain, showing The Circle of Willis in detail!
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This angiogram gives us a high-resolution glimpse of the vasculature that supplies each region of the brain. Most notable is the paired network of thick vessels in the middle of the brain, called the Circle of Willis. These vessels branch from the internal carotid arteries on each side, and each member of the circle of Willis is paired. First, the internal carotid branches laterally into the middle cerebral. The middle cerebral branches toward the front and back of the brain, into the anterior and posterior cerebral arteries. These paired arteries are each connected by the anterior and posterior communicating arteries, respectfully. Toward the posterior side, the basilar artery is seen - the very thick artery that runs through the midline of the brain.
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Can you name any more of the arteries that are seen in this angiogram? Tag someone who can ! 👇🏻👇🏻 Photo Credit: @medicinaclinica .
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#premed #medicalassistant #physicianassistant #physiciansformula #pharmacy #vessel #xray #radiology #angiography #blood #brain #skull #medicalschool #medschool #medstudent #medicalstudent #docs #doctor #science #biology #anatomy #physiology #nurse #nurselife #nursingschool #nursepractitioner #nurses #clinic #hospital #murse

A Gallbladder full of stones!
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These stones are hardened deposits of a digestive fluid that can form in the gallbladder, which can eventually block the exiting bile ducts and cause sudden, severe abdominal pain, known as biliary colic. They range in size from as small as a grain of sand to as large as a golf ball. Gallstones are very frequently found during a cholecystectomy (surgical resection of the gallbladder) and there can be HUNDREDS of them in some instances.
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#premedstudent #medlife #emergency #premed #premedical #gallbladder #gallstones #cholecystectomy #bile #medicine #medical #medicalstudent #medstudent #medicalschool #medschool #medicalfield #study #anatomy #science #physiology #anatomyandphysiology #healthcare #hospital #nurse #nursing #nursingschool #nursepractitioner #dissection #weekend

We have a very unique case for you today:
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This patient has Plummer-Vinson Syndrome, which is associated with mutilans rheumatoid arthritis. In Arthritis mutilans, the patient’s fingers become shortened due to the arthritis, and the shortening may become severe enough that the hand looks paw-like, with the first deformity occurring  at the interphalangeal and metacarpophalangeal joints. The excess skin from the shortening of the phalanx bones becomes folded transversely.
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As the condition worsens, luxation, phalangeal and metacarpal bone absorption, and skeletal architecture loss in the fingers occurs. Arthritis mutilans occurs mainly in patients with psoriasis and rarely advanced rheumatoid arthritis, but can occur independently.
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The most important potential etiological factor is iron deficiency. Other possible factors include malnutrition, genetic predisposition, or autoimmune processes. Mechanical dilation and iron supplementation can help treat Plummer-Vinson syndrome. Since Plummer-Vinson Syndrome is associated with an increased risk of squamous cell carcinoma, the patients should be followed closely.
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Tag a friend to show them this exciting case! Thanks to @medicalpedia for sharing this case with us.
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#medicine #medical #medlife #medstudent #medstudents #medicalschool #medschool #med #nurse #nursing #nurselife #md #futuredoctor #doctor #hand #bone #brokenbone #science #anatomy #studying #monday #health #healthcare #physician #premed

Scoliosis Surgery! Scoliosis is a three-dimensional abnormality that occurs when the spine becomes rotated and curved sideways. Scoliosis surgery typically has the following goals:
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1)Stop the curve’s progression. When scoliosis requires surgery, it is usually because the deformity is continuing to worsen. Therefore, scoliosis surgery should at the very least prevent the curve from getting any worse.
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2)Reduce the deformity. Depending on how much flexibility is still in the spine, scoliosis surgery can often de-rotate the abnormal spinal twisting in addition to correcting the lateral curve by about 50% to 70%. These changes can help the person stand up straighter and reduce the rib hump in the back.
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3)Maintain trunk balance. For any changes made to the spine’s positioning, the surgeon will also take into account overall trunk balance by trying to maintain as much of the spine’s natural front/back (lordosis/kyphosis) curvature while also keeping the hips and legs as even as possible.
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#scoliosis #spine #spinesurgery #surgeon #surgery #surgery #healthcare #medicine #healthcare #physiology #anatomy #medschool #medicalschool #medicalstudent #medstudent #nursing #nurse #murse #nurselife #premed #futuredoctor #science #sciencemajor #sciencestudent #pharmacystudent #doctor #doctors

A massive gunshot wound leading to a fracture in one of the metacarpal bones!
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An 18-year-old male  was cleaning his gun, when he accidentally pulled the trigger and shot himself in the hand. The bullet went through his palm and exited at the back of the hand. As you can see in the second picture, the metacarpal bone is broken.
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The patient was sutured, and was sent to the microsurgical department. He received a Tetanus vaccination and was discharged shortly after.
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Thanks to @mesutgurbuzdr for the case! 😷
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#gunshot #gunshotwound #guns #medicine #hand #trauma #traumasurgery #medical #medlife #med #science #anatomy #wound #traumasurgery #emergency #emergencyroom #ER #traumasurgeon #surgeon #erDoc #doctor #doctors #physician #icunurse #nurse #medicallife #MD #futuredoctor

Have you ever wondered how your lungs expand to help you breathe..? 🤔
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This animation shows air being pumped into pig lungs, causing the lungs to expand in a similar way that they expand inside your thoracic cavity!
When you breathe in, or inhale, your diaphragm contracts (tightens) and moves downward. This increases the space in your chest cavity, into which your lungs expand! The intercostal muscles between your ribs also help enlarge the chest cavity. They contract to pull your rib cage both upward and outward when you inhale.
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As your lungs expand, air is sucked in through your nose or mouth. The air travels down your windpipe and into your lungs. After passing through your bronchial tubes, the air finally reaches and enters the alveoli (air sacs).
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When you breathe out, or exhale, your diaphragm relaxes and moves upward into the chest cavity. The intercostal muscles between the ribs also relax to reduce the space in the chest cavity.
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As the space in the chest cavity gets smaller, air rich in carbon dioxide is forced out of your lungs and windpipe, and then out of your nose or mouth.
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Did you learn something new? Awesome! Now take a deep breath and tag a friend! 🤓😷
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#scienceiscool #paschool #nursepractitioner #nursesweek #premed #medical #science #innovation #anatomy #physiology #research #lungs #medicalstudent #medstudent #medstudents #nurse #doctor #physician #lungs #respiratorytherapist #respiratory #residency #premedical #medecine #medicine #entrepreneur #nurselife #breathe #nurses

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