These are the other two vambraces I had the pleasure of working on last week @wallacemuseum Interesting to see the different orientation of the inscriptions. All three of the vambraces I worked on are constructed in exactly the same way. The main body of the Vambrace is made of pierced, watered steel (Wootz) with gold damascening. Under this there is a layer of paper-thin copper sheets which have been tinned and covered with a ruby red shellac. Supporting this fragile foil and holding it in place are thicker sheets of tin, riveted to the steel. The interiors are then covered with a textile lining. -is this a standard method of construction for Iranian vambraces with pierced work? Has anyone else ever encountered anything like this before? If there is a thick sheet of tin riveted to the steel, why is there copper foil which has been tinned and shellacked? Would it not have been easier to shellac the tin and leave the copper foil out of it? Let me know if you have any thoughts or ideas!