Quick Answer: #ForlonHope
May 1779, a British force of about 8,000 men, captured Fort #Lafayette on the eastern bank of the river and built fortifications at Stony Point, an arrowhead-shaped peninsula on the western bank. It was a strategically narrow point in the river where the Kings Ferry crossed, and, as such, was the key to controlling passage into the #HudsonHighlands and #WestPoint. The Brits were armed with heavy artillery, a #RoyalNavy gunboat was moved in to add more protection, and an armed #Sloop, Washington saw all this from his encampment at nearby #Buckberg Mountain.
Rather than attack frontally, Washington and his field commander, Brigadier General #AnthonyWayne, decided on a stealth approach. This was the Army’s most seasoned and well-trained unit, “the #NavySeals of the day,” says Sheehan. On July 15, Wayne and about 1,300 troops began an eight-hour march from Sandy Beach, just west of #StonyPoint. Wayne divided his force into three columns. Two of them moved down to the river, north and south of the fort, taking advantage of low tide to gain a beachhead. These troops were ordered to carry unloaded muskets so a misfire would not alert the enemy, and to use only fixed bayonets in the attack. When they were in position, the third column began firing muskets as a diversion to draw the attention of the 564 British soldiers. The two riverside columns then crept up the hill. A group of volunteers, called the forlornHope for their dangerous mission, were first in, charged with breaking the abatis with picks and axes. The troops crossed the defenses and stormed the fort. It was a bloody fight: Fifteen men were killed and 83 were wounded — including Wayne, who was hit in the head by a spent musket ball but not seriously injured. The British suffered at least 20 deaths and 74 wounded. But it was also quick, and, by 2 am on July 16, #Wayne sent a letter to #generalWashington reporting the fort captured