#Yukon is the smallest and #westernmost of #Canada's three federal territories (the other two are the #NorthwestTerritories and #Nunavut). The territory has the smallest population of any province or territory in Canada, with 35,874 people. #Whitehorse is the territorial capital and Yukon's only city.
The #territory was split from the Northwest Territories in 1898 and was named the #YukonTerritory. The federal government's Yukon Act, which received royal assent on March 27, 2002, established Yukon as the territory's official name, though Yukon Territory is also still popular in usage and Canada Post continues to use the territory's internationally approved postal abbreviation of #YT. Though officially bilingual (#English and #French), the Yukon Government also recognizes #FirstNations #languages.
At 5,959, Yukon's #MountLogan, in #Kluane #NationalPark and Reserve, is the highest #mountain in Canada and the second-highest on the North American continent (after Denali in the U.S. state of Alaska). Most of Yukon has a subarctic climate, characterized by long cold winters and brief warm summers. The #ArcticOcean coast has a #tundra climate.
Notable rivers include the Yukon River, as well as the #Pelly, Stewart, #Peel, White and #Tatshenshini rivers.
The territory is named after the Yukon River, the longest river in Yukon. The #name itself is from a contraction of the words in the Gwich'in phrase chųų gąįį han, which means white water river and refers to “the pale colour” of #glacial runoff in the Yukon River.