Abraham Ortelius compiled, wrote, and published in 1570 a world atlas and summary of 16th-century cartography in “Theatrum Orbis Terrarum” (Theatre of the World) which remained in demand until the early 17th-century. The excerpt shown is from the 1584 printing of Ortelius’ work; the book is stored in Marienbibliothek (St. Mary’s Library) in the German city of Halle. The map shows what was understood of North America at the time; the east coast of Canada and U.S., the northern Gulf of Mexico, and the northern Caribbean are “taking shape.” In 1535 on his second voyage into what are now the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the Saint Lawrence River, French navigator Jacques Cartier journeyed up the river to Stadacona (Québec City) and Hochelaga (Montréal). It’s interesting how details from Cartier’s voyages were noticed by Ortelius some three decades later. However, as Europe knew North America in the late 16th-century, there’s incompleteness for Newfoundland and the Labrador coast, incomplete mapping of Atlantic Canada, and the absence of the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River.
Believed to be the oldest publicly accessible Protestant library in Germany, the Marienbibliothek contains over 30-thousand books mostly between the 15th- and 18th-centuries, including some of Martin Luther’s works. The library was established in 1552 by Sebastian Boetius (1515-1573) when he became the superintendent at St. Mary’s Church.
Halle (Saale), 🇩🇪 - 1 Nov 2016 (SP SaxonyAnhalt / © HL).