The Vietnam Conflict started in the sixties and ended in the seventies. Sparked from conflicts before, Vietnam was split into two.
During 1954 the Geneva Convention aimed to stop the Indochina war, while Vietnam was under French occupation in the south and under communist control in the north. Ho Chi Minh, a leader of a guerilla group with aims to take back Vietnam, wasn't happy about the French controlling Vietnam. They drove the French out after a key battle at a communist stronghold. (Gilmore Giangreco 14-15)
Then in 1964 on August 2nd, Vietnamese Torpedo Boats had reportedly engaged a US Navy Destroyer, USS Maddox. The USS Maddox was on an intelligence-gathering mission 28-miles off of the coast around North Vietnam. "At 1630 hours, three North Vietnamese torpedo boats attacked the ship..." (Gilmore Giangreco 21)
Thus, the Tonkin Resolution was passed and gave Lyndon B. Johnson full power and finances to execute military operations.
The Tonkin Resolution actually had opened the eyes to congress, especially after Nixon had been bombing with B-52s even after saying he wanted to pull troops out of Vietnam and cease bombings. The policy had changed how we declare war today and also added many social revolutions, examples being the hippies which were quite different than generations passed. And politically, the president cannot declare war, Congress must do so.
The Vietnam Conflict was a called a Conflict because Congress had never officially declared War.
Give Me Shelter- The Rolling Stones
Video by SNIPERPOWNAGE- Raw Uncut Vietnam Footage
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