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Amazing observational drawing by year 12 student, Jiawen Zhang.

Everyday products need to be designed. Elements and principles are manipulated by a designer to suit a specific purpose and audience. This is a great student design example where form and tone has been used to create a unique design.

Student digital sketching using Adobe Illustrator.

~Vector vs. Raster~
Vector and raster refer to the structure of an image.
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Raster images (think photos) are created using tiny squares of colour called pixels to create detail. This is why the more pixels, the sharper your image.
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Vector images are created using mathematical formulas to create anchor points and curves. So smooth lines are always smooth, unless they are converted to a raster file type.
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Adobe illustrator is vector based and should be used to create logos, graphics etc. File types include .AI, .EPS, .PDF etc.
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Adobe photoshop is raster based and should be used to edit photos and raster files. File types include .JPEG, .GIF, .PNG, .BITMAP etc.
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All web graphics are raster so logos and vector files are eventually converted at 100% scale.
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Make sure you are using the right program for the right purpose!

~Orthogonal Drawing~
Two-dimensional drawing, drawn to scale. Top, front and side view. Orthogonal Drawing is essential for a designer to communicate ideas and information such as size, form, components etc.

~Type Anatomy~
A designer must understand the key parts of a letter so that they can be manipulated. These terms may be on the end of year exam. Do you know your typography terminology?

~Colour~
Ever wondered why your work always prints differently?
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This is because of different colour profiles. The image above shows the colour gamut of RGB colour space and CMYK colour space. You can see that the RGB space has a much larger range.
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RGB (red, green, blue) is additive and is used in all screen media. So colours you view on the computer (no matter what working space in adobe suite) are made of this.
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CMYK ( cyan, magenta, yellow and black) is subtractive and is used for all commercial and laser printing. Therefore when you send your file from the computer to print, it has to convert and find the closest possible colour to the RGB original which, most likely lies outside the CMYK colour space. So, the match will not be that accurate.
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*Tip*
You are best compensating for this and using trial and error until you get a good print out of the printer. It may look extreme or weird on screen but you know it will print o.k 👍

~Figure-ground~

~ 2D packing net ~
A designer must be able to visualise and create from 2D to 3D and vice versa.

~ Paraline Drawing - Planometric ~
Projection lines travel back parallel at 45 degrees so, unlike perspective drawing, lines never meet at a vanishing point.

~ Paraline Drawing - Isometric ~
Projection lines travel back parallel at 30 degrees so, unlike perspective drawing, lines never meet at a vanishing point.

Work hard and make things happen ✨

~contrast~

~pattern~

~Form~

Just Start.

~Heirarchy~
What you see first, then second, then third. Order of importance.

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{Design Elements}
Form
Tone
Type
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{Design Principles}
Contrast
Hierarchy
Balance

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{Design Elements}
Texture
Type
-
{Design Principles}
Contrast
Hierarchy

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{Design Elements}
Colour
Type
-
{Design Principles}
Contrast
Hierarchy
Scale
Balance

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