#russia#caucas#chechnya#ingushetia##nakh#vaynakh Nakh peoples are a group of historical and modern ethnic groups speaking (or historically speaking) Nakh languages and sharing certain cultural traits. Today, they reside almost completely in the eastern parts of North Caucasus as well as Tusheti in the South Caucasus.
The only healthy, living branch of the Nakh languages are now the Vainakh languages (spoken by the Vainakh peoples, namely Chechens, Ingush and Kist), due to the extinction of other peoples. The only non-Vainakh modern Nakh people are the Bats people in Northeast Georgia, but they are largely assimilated and their language is highly endangered.
Although the Vainakh are only a branch of Nakh peoples, due to the present-day situation, where the only well-known Nakh are Vainakh, the words Vainakh and Nakh are frequently confused. Hence the word Vainakh is frequently, but mistakenly applied to historical non-Vainakh peoples. The early history of the Nakh peoples has been tentatively reconstructed from linguistic analysis and archaeological evidence.
Migration of Nakh people to the slopes of the Caucasus from the Fertile Crescent.u