Yup, it does, I know because I researched it, a LOT.
I have previously mentioned that my first birth was a traumatic hospital birth, I won't go into details now, but it would be easy to extrapolate to say that the reason why my second birth was a planned homebirth was because I didn't want to birth in hospital, that I was perhaps too scared to go back.
This assumption would be incorrect.
The truth?! A traumatic birth led me to ask a LOT of questions and do a LOT of reading and research. How could I avoid the negatives that occurred? Don't rely on a hospital system that treats you as a number, don't birth with someone who doesn't understand or support your birth plan AND homebirth is statistically proven to be the safest place to birth to avoid unnecessary interventions. And, so, I considered homebirth with a private midwife. As a medically-minded scientist I was skeptical, I trust medicine. But, do you know what I innately trust more? Biology. Physiology. Evolution. When these things are supported then medicine and surgery are rarely needed.
As a vet, most illness occurs and medical intervention is required when the husbandry isn't right - ie. when the body isn't provided with everything that it needs to function optimally. A lot of veterinary medicine focuses on preventative medicine, and when it comes to birth, animals rarely need help except when human intervention tends to cause issues or when rare obstetrical problems occur.
Humans are the same. Society over the past couple of generations has convinced us that birth needs a hospital. Some births, women or babies require a hospital. The majority do not. And, no, before the common reply "but if I wasn't in hospital I/my baby would have died" pops up... No, just no. The majority of interventions are physiologically unnecessary. The majority of these lead to the Cascade of Intervention (ie. More intervention). Most 'complications' such as "failure to progress", maternal/uterine exhaustion, "retained" placenta, haemorrhage, etc. are secondary to interventions or bad advice (such as coached pushing or not 'allowing' the mother to choose her own positions during labour).