HKSSMUNC 2018 Topic Introduction: Security Council
1. Use of Chemical Weapons in Syria
The long-lasting Syrian Civil War has not ceased ever since its breakout in March 2011, foreign powers, such as the USA and Russia has stepped up and intervened in the war, trying to put a halt on the hostile situation, but no significant improvement has been made. Since the eruption of the civil war, chemical weapons have been used, the Syrian Government and its president have been frequently condemned for the chemical attacks, as they are accused to have planned them. The problem with chemical weapons lies in their catastrophic and lethal effect on mankind, it is also a type of weapon that can affect mass population. Chemical weapons are proved to be long-term, with many cases of chemical weapon usage in the Second World War and Vietnam War, who are still suffering from the aftermath to this day.
2. Eliminating the Use of Child Soldiers
The use of child soldiers is one of the six grave violations identified and condemned by the UN Security Council. The use of child soldiers are not an uncommon phenomenon around the world – tens of thousands of children are involved. The issue deprives children of basic human rights as well as opportunities to enjoy a normal childhood and learn. Some children’s participation in armed conflicts is associated with abduction and violence while others join to escape from poverty or defend their communities. Child soldiers take part in combat, support functions or even acts of terror, such as combatants, messengers, sex slaves and suicide bombers. Having exposed to violence, some of the injured are disabled for life. The use of child soldiers infringes upon their very human rights and has been a centre of attention for the United Nations. This topic not only involves human rights, but also other aspects, such as regional cooperation, armistices, military interventions, and more.