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Edwin Booth was born #onthisday 185 years ago-Nov. 13, 1833. He was born into one of America’s premier theatrical families, but the Booth name is unfortunately famous for another reason: Edwin’s younger brother, John Wilkes Booth, assassinated President Abraham Lincoln on Apr. 14, 1865.

The Booth family has another fascinating connection to the Lincolns. In late 1864 or early 1865, Edwin Booth was waiting for a train in New Jersey when he saw a young man fall onto the tracks. Afraid the man would be killed by the oncoming train, Booth grabbed him and pulled him to safety.

The young man turned out to be Robert Todd Lincoln, son of President and Mrs. Abraham Lincoln. Robert Lincoln confirmed that this event took place and that he recognized Edwin Booth and thanked him by name.

Edwin Booth lived until Jun. 7, 1893.

Image: Edwin Booth as Hamlet. #edwinbooth #johnwilkesbooth #abrahamlincoln #civilwar #werehistory #twitterstorians

#onthisday 49 years ago-Nov. 12, 1969-journalist Seymour Hersh broke the story of the My Lai Massacre, a mass killing of unarmed South Vietnamese civilians by American soldiers on Mar. 16, 1968.

Soldiers commanded by Lt. William Calley and other officers killed nearly 500 unarmed men, women, and children in two different villages in what was one of the history's largest mass killings of civilians by American soldiers. Twenty-six Americans were charged with participating in the killings, but only Calley was convicted. He received a life sentence but served less than four years under house arrest. His conviction was vacated when a military judge ruled his trial had been unfairly impacted by pre-trial publicity.

The My Lai Massacre further eroded public support for American involvement in Vietnam. #mylaimassacre #mylai #vietnam #vietnamwar #werehistory #twitterstorians

Today is Veterans Day, so please take a moment to honor the service of all of our nation’s military veterans. Learn more about the history of Veterans Day from this 2015 We’re History article. Head over to werehistory.org to check it out.
To veterans of all eras, military branches, and ranks: thank you for serving. #veteransday #veterans #armedforces #military #werehistory #twitterstorians

#onthisday in 1775, two battalions of Continental Marines were formed in Philadelphia. These soldiers, intended to be able to fight on both land and at sea, were the first United States Marines.

Since that day 243 years ago, Marines have fought in every conflict in which the United States has been involved.

Happy birthday and Semper Fi to the United States Marine Corps. #usmc #usmarines #marinecorps #semperfi #werehistory #twitterstorians

These have appeared on the ground round town. Beautiful way to bring history alive on the centenary of the end of the war. Well done @heritageeastbourne. #twitterstorians

Feeling rotten about Lanka? Here's another episode of rot and disease for a brief distraction (or an apt metaphor, as the case may be)
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Long before LKA’s highlands were devoted to tea cultivation, their rainforests were cleared so the land could be used for the cultivation of the coffee tree (‘coffea arabica’). In the year 1873 alone, 30,000 new acres were dedicated to coffee plantation.
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Why switch to tea? The fungus 'Hemileia vastatrix' first appeared in 1869, a bright orange parasitic fungus (later known as coffee rust disease) which caused the plant to lose its leaves and stop producing. The blight eventually destroyed the viability of the entire industry.
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Capital took a major hit: Of the 1700 planters engaged in coffee production, 400 left for Fiji, Burma, California, Florida and elsewhere. By 1900, coffee exports were almost non-existent (600,000 lbs. compared to a stunning 15,000,000 lbs in 1887)
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By 1890, tea, which had begun to be planted as a tentative experiment in 1865 had completely replaced coffee. Lessons for the contemporary rot and disease in politics?

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Battle of Lutzen with Gustav II Adolf on 11/6/1632 and other historical events on this date #onthisday #otd #history #twitterstorians #dh https://buff.ly/2Qnx7Nh

Looking forward to speaking at this event next month in #limerick. Lots of important conversations to be had about #history #education inside & outside the classroom. #edchatie #juniorcycle #juniorcert #leavingcert #irishhistory #museums #heritage #twitterstorians #teachinghistory

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On Nov. 2, 1855, a 21-year-old student at @williamscollege in Massachusetts made an entry in his diary after hearing a lecture on slavery and the political situation in Kansas Territory. This young Ohioan was a devoted member of the Disciples of Christ and had always felt that involvement in politics was “unbecoming of a true Christian.” His diary entry from 163 years ago today: “I have been instructed tonight on the political condition of our country and from this time forward I shall hope to know more about its movements and interests.

I feel as though a great, united effort should be made, and that effort should have but one aim and that should be the suppression of Slavery in every newly acquired territory. ‘No more Slave Extension’ should be the motto bound to every Freeman’s breast.

At such hours as this I feel like throwing the whole current of my life into the work of opposing this giant evil. I don’t know but the religion of Christ demands some such action.” The young man’s name was James Abram Garfield. He went on to be a college professor and president, a Major General in the Union Army during the Civil War, a nine-term Congressman, and the 20th President of the United States. He was a vocal opponent of slavery beginning 163 years ago today and was a staunch Radical Republican demanding equal civil and political rights for black Americans throughout his political career. #onthisday #jamesagarfield #slavery #kansas #civilwar #abolition #bleedingkansas #twitterstorians #werehistory

Do you know the 3 ingredients used to make black powder? Answer is below.
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1. Charcoal, 2. Sulphur, 3. Sodium Nitrate
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#blackpowder #twitterstorians #dupont #history #gunpowder

117 years ago today-Oct. 29, 1901-Leon Czolgosz was executed for assassinating President William McKinley.

Czolgosz shot McKinley on September 6, 1901 at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York. McKinley lingered for eight days before dying on September 14. Czolgosz called himself an anarchist and believed that McKinley was the enemy of America’s working class.

Prosecutors moved quickly to try and convict Czolgosz in part because they hoped to avoid the circus-like atmosphere of the Charles Guiteau trial of 1881-82. Guiteau was the assassin of President James A. Garfield.

Czolgosz was tried, convicted, and executed less than two months after his attack on McKinley. #leonczolgosz #assassination #POTUS #williammckinley #onthisday #twitterstorians #werehistory

#onthisday 132 years ago-Oct. 28, 1886-the Statue of Liberty was dedicated in New York Harbor.
President Grover Cleveland formally accepted the gift from France and presided over the dedication ceremony. #statueofliberty #newyork #grovercleveland #twitterstorians #werehistory

Our newest article at werehistory.org examines how President Andrew Jackson used the Post Office in his war on the Bank of the United States. Historian Stephen W. Campbell examines this little-known but fascinating aspect of Jackson’s fight against the “Monster Bank.” #andrewjackson #bankoftheunitedstates #postoffice #politics #politicalhistory #twitterstorians #werehistory

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‘W.E.B. Du Bois’s Data Portraits: Visualizing Black America’ is available now! By @therealdrbb and #brittrusert, with essays from #mabelwilson, #aldonmorris, and @siborg81
The colorful charts, graphs, and maps presented at the 1900 Paris Exposition by famed sociologist and black rights activist W.E.B. Du Bois offered a view into the lives of black Americans, conveying a literal and figurative representation of "the color line." From advances in education to the lingering effects of slavery, these prophetic infographics--beautiful in design and powerful in content--make visible a wide spectrum of black experience. Du Bois's Data Portraits collects the complete set of graphics in full color for the first time, making their insights and innovations available to a contemporary imagination. —
#graphicdesign #decolonize #designhistory #graphicdesignhistory #dataviz #blackarchives #twitterstorians

JFK addresses the nation on 0ctober 24 1962 and other historical events on this date #onthisday #otd #history #twitterstorians #dh https://buff.ly/2yYX2DA

This essay about #marcbloch was not what I anticipated working on during today’s #shutupandwrite. But I read an article on Forbes.com on The Historian’s Craft and it motivated me to dig out a two-year-old essay that I have been scared to publish for two years because, well, I do not feel absolutely sure about what I wrote. But I’m trying to be better about sharing half-baked thoughts and ideas that still need shaping (#feministgoals). So I polished it up and it’s now on my blog. #writersofinstagram #historian #historiansofinstagram #twitterstorians #historicalmethods

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