First stop: Urumqi.
Urumqi, the capital of China's largest province, is a 3rd tier city that has always had a large number of Hans relative to other ethnic minorities. This has been particularly pronounced due to the government’s active program to resettle more Han people from other parts of China.
Urumqi takes its name from the Oirat Mongol language — literally ‘beautiful pastures’ — when the Oirats controlled the city in the 18th century before the Manchus took over during the Qing dynasty. It is interesting to note that unlike other major Chinese cities, Urumqi's official signs are mainly written in Chinese and The Uyghur language instead of Chinese and English.
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