I made a collage of the Virgin of Guadalupe out of four of the most sacred animal totems of the Aztec religion.
Her robe is made of python scales, symbolic of the Aztec Savior Quetzalcoatl ("Feathered Serpent"), the son of the Goddess Ichpochtli (the "Maiden" or "Virgin"). This also connects Her to the Aztec Mother of the Gods, Coatlicue ("She who wears a serpent skirt").
Her veil is covered in hummingbird feathers, representing Huitzilopochtli ("Southern Hummingbird"), the Sun God and primary deity of the Aztecs, who protected them in war and led them into battle. According to one legend, his mother was Coatlicue, who conceived him when a ball of hummingbird feathers fell on her as she was sweeping a temple.
The sunburst behind Her is made from the fur of the jaguar, calling to mind Tezcatlipoca ("Obsidian Mirror"), the god of the night sky and divination. He was the son of the Great Androgynous God, Ometeotl, whose male and female forms were referred to as Ometecuhtli and Omecihuatl (both meaning "Two-Souled"). He was also a deposed sun god and was sometimes viewed as a rival of Quetzalcoatl in this respect.
Finally, the background is from the feathers of the striated caracara, the Mexican eagle, which represented the various Sun gods of the Aztecs, but especially Huitzilopochtli. The eagle was also associated with sacrifice; the sacrificial vessel used to collect the blood and hearts of victims was actually called the quauhxicalli, the "gourd bowl of the eagle."