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Rubroboletus satanas (Lenz) Kuan Zhao & Zhu L. Yang is a basidiomycete inside the family Boletaceae. It is characterised by its big stature (even 20-30cm of cap diameter), an unpleasant smell in mature specimens and by the olivaceous tinges in the cap cuticle. Its reticulated stipe moreover is normally divided into two areas of colors: the upper part near the pores is yellowish and the lower part (3/4) is red. It only grows on calcareous soils under Fagaceae. Poisonous, it can cause severe Gastrointestinal syndrome if ingested raw, possibly all of its co-genus brothers are also poisonous. That said as a warning, in Sicily and in Abruzzo (Italy) it is consumed after various laborious processes that involve parboiling and salt. Found from July to November in Sardinia.#fungi #funghi #pilze #svamp #sopp #paddestoelen #champignons #гриб #houby #gljive #fongs #mushroomsociety #fungiphotography #grzyby #cogumelos #pilzen #sveppi #forestfloor #svampe #nature #sēnes #biology #science #mycology #Mantarlar #菌 #きのこ #forest #setas #hongos

Dermoloma cuneifolium Singer ex Bon is a basidiomycete belonging to the family Tricholomataceae. It is white spored with inamyloid spores. The genus is characterised by having an hymenoderm pileipellis that gives the pruinous loot to the cap and by a farinous smell. The similar species inside the genus all have amyloid reactions. Found during late autumn or winter in Sardinia in shrubland or in grassland.#fungi #funghi #pilze #svamp #sopp #paddestoelen #champignons #гриб #houby #gljive #fongs #mushroomsociety #biology #grzyby #cogumelos #pilzen #sveppi #forestfloor #svampe #nature #sēnes #biology #science #mycology #Mantarlar #菌 #きのこ #forest #setas #hongos

Gymnopilus spectabilis (Fr.) Smith is a basidiomycete in the family Cortinariaceae with rusty spore print. Its size and color makes it noticeable (=spectabilis) on old stumps of pine trees where is very common, but can also be found on a vast variety of trees. Its persistent and thick annulus makes it very easy to identify to species level. If you ever want to try to chew a piece of this fungus' fruitbody (and then spit! That's what you do in mycology) you better bring water with you since it is very bitter, like most of its brothers (genus Gymnopilus). It can be found from april to december in Sardinia and it is probably also found in most part of the world. #fungi #funghi #pilze #svamp #sopp #paddestoelen #champignons #гриб #houby #gljive #fongs #mushroomsociety #biology #grzyby #cogumelos #pilzen #sveppi #forestfloor #svampe #nature #sēnes #biology #science #mycology #Mantarlar #菌 #きのこ #forest #setas #hongos

Pleurotus calyptratus ( Lindblad ex Fr.) Sacc. is a basidiomycete in the family Pleurotaceae. It is characterised by the presence of the veil (hence the epithet) and the absence of a well developped stipe. It grows on Populus sp. in spring-summer and it is a very rare species. At present time it is not found in Sardinia. The specimens are from Trentino.#fungi #funghi #pilze #svamp #sopp #paddestoelen #champignons #гриб #houby #gljive #fongs #mushroomsociety #biology #grzyby #cogumelos #pilzen #sveppi #forestfloor #svampe #nature #sēnes #biology #science #mycology #Mantarlar #菌 #きのこ #forest #setas #hongos

Amanita torrendii Justo is a secotioid Basidiomycete belonging to the family Amanitaceae. Once called Torrendia pulchella has shown affinities with sect.caesareae inside the genus Amanita. As all secotioid mushrooms the gills are not perfectly formed, maybe in adaptation to the dry mediterranean climate of the shrubland. It grows from November to February in Sardinia, mainly in Cistus shrubland. Its dimensions makes it difficult to see (max 4 cm high) and its fragility makes it difficult to photograph (puff!) as the volva easily separates from the rest of the fruitbody. #fungi #funghi #pilze #svamp #sopp #paddestoelen #champignons #грибы #houby #gljive #fongs #mushroomsociety #biology #grzyby #cogumelos #pilzen #sveppi #forestfloor #svampe #nature #sēnes #biology #science #mycology #Mantarlar #菌 #きのこ #forest #setas #hongos

Tuber excavatum Vittad. is an hypogeous ascomycete in the order Pezizales that belongs to the real truffles genus Tuber. This species is characterized by having a very tough and hard flesh and by having a basal cavity. Its smell has an intense aroma resembling that of ham. In case you were wondering this is var. sulphureum, a yellow fleshed variety. #fungi #funghi #pilze #svamp #sopp #paddestoelen #champignons #грибы #houby #gljive #fongs #mushroomsociety #biology #grzyby #cogumelos #pilzen #sveppi #theshroomies #svampe #seened #sēnes #biology #science #mycology #Mantarlar #菌 #きのこ #الفطر #setas #hongos

Helvella solitaria P. Karst. , is an ubiquitous species of Helvella that grows during winter and spring in mediterranean climates . It is recognized by its blackish cupuliform apotecia and by a slighly ribbed white stipe. The outer part of the apotecium is normally velvety.
It belongs to subgenus leucomelaenae. The absence of strongly developped ribs and the higher stem help to distinguish it from Helvella acetabulum (L.) Quél. , another vernal species.#fungi #funghi #pilze #svamp #sopp #paddestoelen #champignons #грибы #houby #gljive #fongs #mushroomsociety #biology #grzyby #cogumelos #pilzen #sveppi #theshroomies #svampe #seened #sēnes #biology #science #mycology #Mantarlar #菌 #きのこ #الفطر #setas #hongos

Leccinellum lepidum (H. Bouchet ex Essette) Bresinsky & Manfr. Binder is a basidiomycete in the family Boletaceae.This species grows only under evergreen oaks and possibly Arbutus unedo , from November to May in southern Europe.Stains reddish at cut.It is bigger than L.corsicum , with a more yellow and obese stipe (L.corsicum has often pinkish floccules) and it has a different habitat (L.corsicum grows under Cistus sp. ).The genus is characterised by a stipe covered in floccules and by pores at least initially yellow (difference with Leccinum). #fungi #funghi #pilze #svamp #sopp #paddestoelen #champignons #грибы #houby #gljive #fongs #mushroomsociety #biology #grzyby #cogumelos #pilzen #sveppi #theshroomies #svampe #biology #sēnes #мөөг #swamme #mycology #Mantarlar #菌 #きのこ #الفطر #setas #hongos

Tuber panniferum Tul. & C. Tul. is an ascomycete of the genus Tuber (Truffles) characterised by a felty esoperium with striped whitish and greyish hymenium (in truffle it is internal) but microscopy is needed (you don t say?) to discover that this is the only spiny spored european species of the genus to have 8-spored asci.Found under Q.ilex in calcareous soils during spring and summer.It s interesting to note that the species in this genus abandoned the epigeous life of most of its cousins in Pezizales to produce ascoma under the ground and hence they aren t able to spread the spore with the help of the wind down there ,they had to contrive something unusual : they developed a strong smell and edibility. In fact it needs the strong smell to attract animals (mainly boars most probably) to use them as vectors to spread and even if eaten, the spores can not only survive the process , they have more chance to germinate .#fungi #funghi #pilze #svamp #sopp #paddestoelen #champignons #грибы #houby #gljive #fongs #mushroomsociety #biology #grzyby #cogumelos #pilzen #sveppi #theshroomies #svampe #seened #sēnes #мөөг #swamme #mycology #Mantarlar #菌 #きのこ #الفطر #setas #hongos

Agaricus aridicola Geml, Geiser & Royse ,
it is a species of Agaricus perfectly adapted to the prohibitive conditions of the sandy soils of the coastal european environment.In fact it is an area subject to dessication and also,let say it clearly, salt doesn't help much.The not perfectly formed gills mantain the spores on place so that only strong winds and rain can spread them once that the fruitbody is fully dried ,helping this fungus species to reproduce. It is indeed what in mycology is called a secotioid form(one form that has not normal gills but retain the spores inside the hymenium like a puffball , possibly in answer to the adverse climate) as also LSU indicates some affinities with Agaricus sect.minores for this species. It should not be confused with the in some way similar Montagnea arenaria (DC.) Zeller that doesn't have a big caliga-like veil but just a little hemispheric volva like structure in the stipe's base , this last species has affinities with Coprinus , showing us an exemple of what in biology is called convergent evolution.
Piscinas, Arbus(CA) 05/05/2017 #fungi #funghi #pilze #svamp #sopp #paddestoelen #champignons #грибы #houby #gljive #fongs #mushroomsociety #biology #grzyby #cogumelos #pilzen #sveppi #theshroomies #svampe #naturelovers #sēnes #nature #swamme #mycology #Mantarlar #菌 #きのこ #الفطر #setas #hongos

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