This is basal cell carcinoma, the most frequently occurring form of skin cancer.
Basal cell carcinomas are abnormal, uncontrolled growths or lesions that arise in the skin’s basal cells, which line the deepest layer of outer skin. Basal cell carcinomas often look like open sores, red patches, pink growths, shiny bumps, or scars and are usually caused by a combination of cumulative and intense, occasional sun exposure.
Basal cell carcinomas almost never spreads (metastasizes) beyond the original tumor site. Only in exceedingly rare cases can it spread to other parts of the body and become life-threatening. It shouldn’t be taken lightly, though: it can be disfiguring if not treated promptly.
Globally, more than 15 million cases of basal cell carcinoma are diagnosed each year. In fact, it is the most frequently occurring form of all cancers. More than one out of every three new cancers is a skin cancer, and the vast majority are basal cell carcinomas.
Treatment includes wide excision, removal the tumor area with addition of the surrounding healthy skin as the anticipation of the unseen tumor extension under the skin. The resulting skin defect to be closed by skin grafts or skin flaps.
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