The Stoic phrase seminales rationes, "seminal reasons," passes into Christian vocabulary in the first century. Accepting Aratus' text on the fatherhood of God, St. Paul says to the Athenians:
For in him we live, and move, and have our being;
as certain also of your own poets have said,
For we are also his offspring.
— Acts 17:28
Also in particularly Christian fashion, Paul uses the Stoic imagery of seeds to explain Christ’s resurrection. The true reality of a human being, the seed may throw off both soul and flesh and assume a new body, as occurred when Christ was resurrected. The term sperma and kokos, “grain,” takes on specific Christian theological application.
The Greek apologist Justin Marty develops the Stoic doctrine of God as the logos spermatikos more explicitly. Following Philo in identifying the divine logos with the logos spermatikos, he believes that the human reason is the seed sown by the divine sower:
"Christ, the divine logos, is the universal reason, the 'seminal logos,' in which all rational beings participated; therefore seeds of truth are found in almost everything, particularly in the most gifted."
— Maryanne Cline Horowitz
📖 Seeds of Virtue and Knowledge
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