#spanishmissions

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Mission accomplished #spanishmissions

Me and My son Josias in our trip to Alexandria VA, I will preach for a Spanish mission Conf . God is great! #missions #spanishmissions #wolspanishministries @wordoflife

a bit of history in Southern California #sangabrielmission #spanishmissions #1771 #jadynehope

Mission San José ruins - the mission is one of the four founded by the Franciscans in the 17th century. 📷: @fredhp #sanantoniomissions #spanishmissions

More pictures of the Spanish Missions! #sanantonio #spanishmissions #roadtrip #roadtrippers

Nothing like finding a little Europe in Texas 🤗 Loved this shoot at the missions in San Antonio with @Lolabeautyatx @jillwatson @sweet_irena as seen on @hochzeitsguide scans by @photovisionprints #fuji400h #contax645

The Alamo (originally: Misión San Antonio de Valero) #sanantonio #texas #spanishmissions

I managed to get to the Old Spanish Mission just as the park opened. Only sharing the park with an old veteran walking his dog was quite peaceful. Then the bells began, and it got even more impressive! Also, it looked like guests for a wedding were arriving as I left. It would explain why some buildings were "closed for private function" #texas #tourist #sanantonio #spanishmissions

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Mission San José ruins - the mission is one of the four founded by the Franciscans in the 17th century. 📷: @fredhp #sanantoniomissions #spanishmissions

I finally made it y'all.. Mission San Diego, the 1st of the CA Missions, founded July 16, 1769. This is the Mother of the Alta California Missions! All early missionaries paid their dues here. Father Serra (founder of the first 9 missions), Father Lausen (Serra's successor and founder of another 9 missions), and Father Crespi (a close friend of Serra who was buried alongside him in Carmel) all worked here.
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This Mission's beginnings were rough. On Nov 5, 1775, just a year after the original church was built, the mission was destroyed by natives in an attack. Father Luis Jayme tried to calm the attackers but was killed and became California's first Christian martyr. The mission's blacksmith and carpenter were also killed in the attack.
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This church was built in 1813 and was the third to be built at this site. However, in 1821, after Mexico gained independence from Spain, it was secularized and began to fall into disrepair. To add to its decay, it was used as a U.S. post between 1850-1857 and the only repairs made during that time were minor. Basically, just enough was done there to keep it from falling apart. By 1931, all that was left was the facade so the church was rebuilt and restored that same year.
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Interesting facts: The missions largest bell was re-cast in San Diego in 1894 and weighs 1,200lbs! The mission was also named a minor basilica by Pope John VI in 1976.
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Its been a fun trip and I had a blast exploring and documenting my visit to all 21 CA Missions. I learned so much ore than I thought i would! 21 CA missions (and 2 AZ missions) in 21 days.. Not bad! Stayed tuned for a couple of bonus posts that are related to this insightful trip! Cheers!
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#sandiegomission #sandiego #California #southerncalifornia #socal #garden #flowers #bells #altar #21missions21days
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#californiamission #californiamissions
#missionsofcalifornia #spanishmissions #nuevaespaña #altacalifornia #missionaries #missionary #historic #missions #history #historicsites #heritage #historyofcalifornia #californiaheritage #explore #mototrip #church #bikesandsites #missiontoseethemissions

I find it amazing that ruins like these can be found in the middle of So Cal suburbs. The Old Stone Church of San Juan Capistrano fell down in the earthquake of 1812, killing 40 people. It's been left in ruins ever since. I can't say that I love the history of the California missions (imposed religious conversion really isn't my thing), but... I'm glad we came here to see what my fourth grade kiddos are studying at school in California history. And they did a decent job sharing native customs and culture as well. Although it opened up opportunities to talk about diversity and social justice and acceptance and respect. (Disturbing example: a cemetery where more than 3,000 were buried only holds tombstones and names for two priests, none of the Native Americans who died of disease and were buried there. Still, not even a memorial, to this day.) One interesting fact about San Juan Capistrano: this was the birthplace of the California wine industry. The Spaniards brought the grapes to cultivate for wine during mass. Last photos from the day!
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#california #latergram #missionsanjuancapistrano #ruins #americanhistory #californiahistory #missionsproject #earthquakedamage #palmtrees #spanishmissions #blueskies

Cemetery gate, Mission Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, California! http://cheshirecatphoto.com/pages/blog/archives/3672 Cheshire Cat Photo is “Your Guide to California’s Wonderland!™” Image ©2017 William F. Hackett, All Rights Reserved. http://www.CheshireCatPhoto.com See/purchase high-resolution images from our Gallery on SmugMug at https://cheshirecatphoto.smugmug.com

William F. Hackett, CheshireCatPhoto.com
#PhotographyOfCalifornia #CaliforniaPhotos #CheshireCatPhoto #CaliforniaPhotosByWilliamFHackett #CaliforniaWonderland #YourGuideToCaliforniasWonderland #CaliforniaImages #WilliamFHackett #VisitCalifornia #CaliforniaTourism #TravelCalifornia #CemeteryGate #MissionSantaBarbara #SantaBarbaraCA #SpanishMissions #CaliforniaMissions #Missions

Mission San Luis Rey de Francia, the 18th CA Mission, founded June 13, 1798. This mission was named for King Louis IX, which I found interesting since it was the Spanish who sent Franciscans to New Spain to build missions and colonize the land in the name of Spain. However, King Louis IX saw himself as a "Lieutenant of God" so, in the 13th century, he led the 7th & 8th crusades and is the only canonized King of France. He was very favorable and supportive to the Franciscans, and often carried himself much the same as they did, so.. I guess it makes some sense why the mission was named for him 🤔
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Completed in 1815, the church is the only surviving church to have a layout in the form of a crucifix. It is also the largest, which is why it's referred to as "The King of Missions". The mission land was recorded as being up to 1,000,000 acres at its peak.
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This mission was heavily impacted by the Mexican American War. In 1847, the #Mormon Battalion completed the longest infantry march (over 2,000 miles) in U.S. military history to get here from Iowa. After the war, the site was abandoned and fell into disrepair but returned to the Catholic church by Abraham Lincoln. The original proclamation, signed by Lincoln on March 18, 1865, granting the return of the land back to the Catholic church is also on display here.
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The oldest pepper tree in CA was planted here in 1830 from seeds obtained from a peruvian sailor. It still sands beautifully in the courtyard but its main massive branches are supported by tall stakes.
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Fun Fact: The mission was the site for several episodes of the Zorro TV series from the 50s. As a kid, for halloween, I was Zorro 3 years in a row so that fact was icing on the cake!
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#missionsanluisrey #oceanside #California #socal #southerncalifornia #altar #tree #proclamation #zorro
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#californiamission #californiamissions
#missionsofcalifornia #spanishmissions #nuevaespaña #altacalifornia #missionaries #missionary #historic #missions #history #historicsites #heritage #historyofcalifornia #californiaheritage #explore #mototrip #church #bikesandsites #missiontoseethemissions

Mission San Juan Capistrano, the 7th CA mission, founded Nov. 1, 1776. The Great Stone Church, with high-vaulted ceilings and 7 domes, was constructed here between 1797-1806 but fully collapsed in one of the many earthquakes during 1812. The massive earthquake hit during mass and killed 40 people who were inside. The church bells survived the quake and were placed in the bell wall (see picture). Other than the bells, all that is left are the ruins. The current church, built in 1782, is the only chapel that Father Serra held mass in that is still standing. It is also the oldest building in California that is still in use. For these reasons, it is known as the Mother Church.
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In 1818, the mission was attacked by Argentine pirate, Hippolyte Bouchard. The soldiers at the mission offered him food and provisions so long as he stayed at sea and did not set foot on land but Bouchard said he would set foot if he and his men wished.. So the soldiers fired cannons at him instead which resulted in him plundering the mission, and the small town growing around it, for 3 full nights.
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Although the oldest surviving grapevine is at Mission San Antonio de Padua (I seent it!), the Mission Grape was first planted here and the first wine from Alta California was produced here.
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Remember Floyd Christmas' quote in Dumb and Dumber, "Someplace warm.. Where the beer flows like wine. Where beautiful women instinctively flock like the salmon of Capistrano"? 🤔 Well, the irony finally makes sense to me now 😂
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One last thing, the site is huge and there are gardens everywhere. The flora here are amazing! Very colorful and beautiful. Enjoy but the town is a tourist trap..
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#missionsanjuancapistrano #sanjuancapistrano #California #socal #southerncalifornia #garden #flowers #bells #masonry #altar
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#californiamission #californiamissions
#missionsofcalifornia #spanishmissions #nuevaespaña #altacalifornia #missionaries #missionary #historic #missions #history #historicsites #heritage #historyofcalifornia #californiaheritage #explore #mototrip #church #bikesandsites #missiontoseethemissions

Mission San Gabriel, the 4th of the CA Missions, founded Sept 8, 1771. When the padres first arrived, they were surrounded by unwelcoming natives. Afraid of an attack, one padre unrolled an already 300 year old painting of "Our Lady of Sorrows" (see 4th pic) which impressed the natives, resulting in them dropping their weapons and offering peace.
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This is such a historic site so i'm just going to throw stuff out there. The stone, brick & mortar church was built between 1791-1805 and is the oldest structure south of Monterey. The cemetery, consecrated in 1778, is the oldest in Los Angeles County. The altar is the original, made in Mexico, and brought here in 1790. They have books here dating from 1489! I was geeking out and hadn't even noticed the grapevine yet..
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The giant grapevine is the size of, and as thick as, a tree! Planted sometime in 1775, it produces the original California variety of grape called Mission grape! It is not the tastiest and doesn't produce the delicious cabernet, zinfandel, or other french grapes we love, but it was great (and cheaper) to make brandy with. Fortunately, as the City of Los Angeles grew, so did the demand for such inexpensive alcohols, thus providing income for the mission. Supply & demand, the law of economics!
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Last pic is of a still functioning pump organ from 1884 and the processional cross used during the mission's founding in 1771 AND the founding of Los Angeles in 1781! Afterall, the city of San Gabriel is the original township of LA county. .
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#sangabrielmission #missionsangabriel #sangabriel #California #socal #southerncalifornia #grapevine #cemetery #losangeles #altar
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#californiamission #californiamissions
#missionsofcalifornia #spanishmissions #nuevaespaña #altacalifornia #missionaries #missionary #historic #missions #history #historicsites #heritage #historyofcalifornia #californiaheritage #explore #mototrip #church #bikesandsites #missiontoseethemissions

Mission San Fernando Rey de España, the 17th CA Mission, founded Sept 8, 1797. This is the only mission named after a king of Spain, St. Ferdinand of the 13th century. It also has the only intact wine vat & cellar. Sadly, there was no wine to sample.
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The church is an exact replica of the third church built between 1804-1806. As you probably guessed (if you read my other posts), the third church was severly damaged by the earthquakes of 1812 but was not fully destroyed. However, in 1971, an earthquake destroyed what remained of the church and many of the other mission buildings. The #alter is not a reproduction of the original but is actually an early 17th century altar brought in from Spain.
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What I found most interesting was this was the site of California's FIRST gold rush. In 1842 (not 1849), a local rancher discovered gold flakes, dust, and particles clinging to the roots of onions. His discovery occurred years after the mission had been abandoned which prompted many locals to plunder the mission, removing floor tiles in search of gold they believed the padres had buried underneath. No gold was found and all they locals had to show was a further damaged mission. Greed is a hell of a sin (pun intended).
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Although this mission is VERY well cared for, many of my questions were left unanswered. Most of the other missions were so rich with history..
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BUT unlike the settlers who allowed their lust for gold to blind them to the sacredness of this site, I won't allow my lust & greed for history & answers to blind me from the immense tranquility and peace I felt here.
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If you're in the area, visit in the afternoon, sit at any of the well-placed benches, and just enjoy the beauty of this site. Respect ✊
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#missionsanfernando #sanfernandomission #missionhills #missionhill #sanfernandovalley #losangeles #California #socal #southerncalifornia
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#californiamission #californiamissions
#missionsofcalifornia #spanishmissions #nuevaespaña #altacalifornia #missionaries #missionary #historic #missions #history #historicsites #heritage #historyofcalifornia #californiaheritage #explore #mototrip #church #bikesandsites #missiontoseethemissions

Mission San Buenaventura, the 9th CA Mission, founded March 31, 1782. Originally, Padre Julipero Serra planned this site to the the 3rd mission but due to circumstances, it was put off until later. This was the last mission he founded before his death. The original church was destroyed by fire & the 2nd was abandoned. Work on the present church began in 1792, ending in 1809.
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In 1812, guess what? Earthquake! However, due to its close proximity to the ocean, a tidal wave followed forcing the padres & natives to flee a few miles inland. In 1857, another earthquake caused severe damage which led to a new shingle roof being put in place. Restoration between 1955-1979 brought the interior ceiling and tile floor back to its original design.
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This mission is notably interesting because it had to deal with pirates 😲 This is the only mission to have permenant wooden bells (with metal plates inside) and it's said these are the only full-size wooden bells in the world. Not only was it less expensive to produce this type of bell, their muted sound avoided attracting pirates who could hear iron-cast bells off the coast.
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However, this didn't deter all pirates and, sometime around 1818, the padres had to remove sacred & valuable objects because an Argentine pirate, Hypolite Bouchard, was pillaging all missions along the Santa Barbara coast. He spared this mission though.
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In 1845, the mission was illegally sold but, after California became a state, President Lincoln signed a proclamation in 1862 that granted the return of many mission's land back to the franciscans. The altar is currently undergoing minor restoration to prepare for Easter so I couldn't get an pics. Instead, you see pics from today vs. 1860-1890.
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#missionsanbuenaventura #buenaventura #ventura #socal #southerncalifornia #California #pirates #woodbell
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#californiamission #californiamissions
#missionsofcalifornia #spanishmissions #nuevaespaña #altacalifornia #missionaries #missionary #historic #missions #history #historicsites #heritage #historyofcalifornia #californiaheritage #explore #mototrip #church #bikesandsites #missiontoseethemissions

Mission Santa Barbara, the 10th CA Mission, founded Dec. 4, 1786. This mission is the only one to have been in continuous operation since its founding & represents the longest continuous presence of the Franciscans in the U.S.
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This is the 4th church built after the third was destroyed in 1812.. In 1925, another earthquake caused severe damage to the church but it was rebuilt in 1927. The architecture was taken from The Ten Books of Architecture, written by the Roman architect, Vitruvius.. in 27 B.C.!
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This is the 3rd mission (along with La Purisima & Santa Inés) founded in the land of the Chamush tribe so it was also impacted by the revolt of 1824. While missions were a religious place, Presidios (forts) were usually built nearby to house soldiers to protect new settlers & Spain's claim to the land.
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Please read my previous post (Santa Inés) to see how the revolt started.
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Once the revolt started, the Chumash in Santa Barbara wanted to avoid war & peacefully disarmed the soldiers at the mission, sending them back to the presidio. It's been recorded that Padres wept knowing soldiers would return to seek revenge on the neophytes. Padre Antonio Ripolli was quoted saying, "My God! They shall not kill my sons (the natives)" 😢 but the Padres were helpless against the Spanish Soldiers.
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When the spanish returned, the natives held them back for a bit but eventually retreated into the wild, begging many of the padres to come with them but the padres refused to abandon the missions. Soldiers eventually broke into the mission, killed native elders too fragile to escape, looted the native villages & the padres belongings, and destroyed as much of what they could 😡 The native revolt was the largest to have ever occurred during the Spanish and Mexican era.
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#missionsantabarbara #santabarbara #socal #southerncalifornia #California #revolt #vitruvius
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#californiamission #californiamissions
#missionsofcalifornia #spanishmissions #nuevaespaña #altacalifornia #missionaries #missionary #historic #missions #history #historicsites #heritage #historyofcalifornia #californiaheritage #explore #mototrip #church #bikesandsites #missiontoseethemissions

Old Mission Santa Ines, the 19th CA Mission, founded Sept. 17, 1804. California's first #seminary (a school to teach young men to become priests) was built at this mission in 1844. There is LOTS to talk about but I want to focus on 3 things.
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First, the art collection is massive with relics that date back to the 16th century. The tiles on which you walk on are the originals from 1812 and much of the art is from the 17th & 18th century. They have an amazing portrait of the Virgin of Guadalupe from the early 1800s! 🇲🇽
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Second, is the legend of Pasquale, a young native girl who escaped from the Tulare tribe and, after several tortuous days in the wild, reached this mission in time to warn the Padres of an of an impending attack from her captors. The Padre of the mission was previously a soldier and was able to establish defenses and repulse the attack. Unfortunately, she passed away from a fever she caught during the escape 😢 She is buried in the church.
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Last, and perhaps most importantly, is the origin of the "indian" revolt of 1824. The revolt started when a visiting Chumash native (from Mission La Purisma; one of the 3 missions in the Santa Barbara area) got into an argument with a soldier at Mission Santa Ines. The soldier struck him and the native responded, "The King would never allow a soldier to strike me" to which the soldier responded "We have no king, the General is our leader" and began to whip him. Some natives ran to spread news of the incident to La Purisma & Santa Barbara which resulted in burning down the soldiers barracks and taking control of the missions. More on that later in my next post from Santa Barbara.
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One last thing, the "Danish" town of Solvang (Sunny Valley) is a tourist trap. If you're with the family, go check it out but be warned: #itsatrap
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#missionsantaines #solvang #California #centralcoast #revolt #altar #artcollection
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#californiamission #californiamissions
#missionsofcalifornia #spanishmissions #nuevaespaña #altacalifornia #missionaries #missionary #historic #missions #history #historicsites #heritage #historyofcalifornia #californiaheritage #explore #mototrip #church #bikesandsites #missiontoseethemissions

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