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Fatehpur Sikri

#Fatehpur #Sikri or 'the City of Victory' is a fortified city in Agra, Uttar Pradesh. It was founded in 1569 by the Great Emperor of the #Mughal dynasty #Akbar. The palace city atop a rocky ridge, confined within walls on its three sides and a lake in the foreground, was designed by Tuhir Das using Indian principles of art.

The structures in the city have been designed following the styles of Hindu, Jain and Islamic architecture, using red sandstone, which is also called as 'Sikri sandstone'. The city can be entered through several gates that are erected at different points along the wall bordering the fort. The gates are namely the Chandanpal Gate, the Agra Gate, the Tehra Gate, the Lal Gate, the Delhi Gate, the Birbal Gate, the Gwalior Gate, the Ajmere Gate and the Chor Gate.
History and Architecture

The great #emperor #Akbar had no heir. He visited many places offering prayers and seeking blessings of saints. On one such endeavor he was blessed by a #Sufi #Saint #Sheikh #Salim #Chishti in the village Sikri and the saint foretold that the emperor will be blessed with a son. After birth of his son the emperor showed his gratitude by building a city in the honor of the Sufi Saint and named it #Fatehpur #Sikri. "Fateh" in Persian language means "victory". The city is about 37 km from Agra on the Sikri ridge 3 km in length and 1km wide surrounded by wall covering three sides and a lake on the fourth side. Akbar conceptualized to build the walled city which took around fifteen years to complete and includes royal palaces, private quarters, #harems, different utility buildings, court and mosques. Tuhir Das, the architect of the city primarily used #Indian principles which includes use of various regional schools of art and craftsmanship specially that of Bengal and Gujarat. Apart from #Islamic #elements, significance was given to #Hindu and Jain architecture. #Akbar shifted his capital from #Agra to #Fatehpur Sikri#
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Fatehpur Sikri is a town in the Agra District of Uttar Pradesh, India. The city itself was founded as the capital of Mughal Empire in 1571 by Emperor Akbar, serving this role from 1571 to 1585, when Akbar abandoned it due to a campaign in Punjab and was later completely abandoned in 1610.

The complex of monuments and temples, all in a uniform architectural style, includes one of the largest mosques in India, the Jama Masjid.
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Buland Darwaza Fatehpur Sikri. The man in the photo is a Japanese tourist who was busy taking photos.
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#sikri #fatehpursikri #agra #chisti #dargah #door #buland #mughal #mughalarchitecture

traveling through times #history #architecture #sikri

The #Tomb of #Sheikh# Salim Chishti was built between 1580 and 1581, and lies in the middle of the #imperial courtyard in #Fatehpur #Sikri, Uttar Pradesh. Originally built with red sandstone, it was later replaced with #marble.

The #mausoleum was built by the third #Mughal #emperor, #Akbar, as a mark of his respect for #Salim #Chishti, who had foretold the birth of his son. His son, who later ascended the throne as #Emperor #Jahangir, was named #Prince Salim after the Sufi saint.

It is thought that prayers offered at this mausoleum will be fulfilled, and a tradition of pilgrims tying thread at its marble screens to remind the saint of their prayers persists to this day.
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#sikri a must visit place if in #agra #PresharinAgra

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Buland Darwaza, The Gate of Magnificence. The inscription above the gateway reads: Jesus, son of Mary said: 'The world is a Bridge, pass over it, but build no houses upon it. He who hopes for a day, may hope for eternity; but the World endures but an hour.

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UNESCO world heritage site. Built during the second half of the 16th century by the Emperor Akbar, Fatehpur Sikri (the City of Victory) was the capital of the Mughal Empire for only some 10 years. The complex of monuments and temples, all in a uniform architectural style, includes one of the largest mosques in India, the Jama Masjid. An epic in red sandstone, Fatehpur Sikri was built by the Mughal Emperor Akbar during 1572-1585 A.D. A sonless Akbar had gone to Sikri to seek blessings of Sufi Saint Sheikh Salim Chishti and he was blessed with a son. In gratitude, he constructed his capital city and named it Fatehpur Sikri. Later, due to shortage of water and unrest in north-west, Akbar had to abandon this city and move to Agra city.

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