#Fatehpur #Sikri or 'the City of Victory' is a fortified city in Agra, Uttar Pradesh. It was founded in 1569 by the Great Emperor of the #Mughal dynasty #Akbar. The palace city atop a rocky ridge, confined within walls on its three sides and a lake in the foreground, was designed by Tuhir Das using Indian principles of art.
The structures in the city have been designed following the styles of Hindu, Jain and Islamic architecture, using red sandstone, which is also called as 'Sikri sandstone'. The city can be entered through several gates that are erected at different points along the wall bordering the fort. The gates are namely the Chandanpal Gate, the Agra Gate, the Tehra Gate, the Lal Gate, the Delhi Gate, the Birbal Gate, the Gwalior Gate, the Ajmere Gate and the Chor Gate.
History and Architecture
The great #emperor #Akbar had no heir. He visited many places offering prayers and seeking blessings of saints. On one such endeavor he was blessed by a #Sufi #Saint #Sheikh #Salim #Chishti in the village Sikri and the saint foretold that the emperor will be blessed with a son. After birth of his son the emperor showed his gratitude by building a city in the honor of the Sufi Saint and named it #Fatehpur #Sikri. "Fateh" in Persian language means "victory". The city is about 37 km from Agra on the Sikri ridge 3 km in length and 1km wide surrounded by wall covering three sides and a lake on the fourth side. Akbar conceptualized to build the walled city which took around fifteen years to complete and includes royal palaces, private quarters, #harems, different utility buildings, court and mosques. Tuhir Das, the architect of the city primarily used #Indian principles which includes use of various regional schools of art and craftsmanship specially that of Bengal and Gujarat. Apart from #Islamic #elements, significance was given to #Hindu and Jain architecture. #Akbar shifted his capital from #Agra to #Fatehpur Sikri#