"I took the one less traveled by, and that has made all the difference." Robert Frost was born in 1874 in San Francisco. After his father's death, Robert moved to Massachusetts with his penniless family.
Frost attended Darmouth for two months before returning home where he took on any work to help. He married Elinor White in 1895.
Frost's grandfather purchased a farm for his mother in Derry, New Hampshire. Although Robert failed at farming, his most well-known, sometimes melancholic poems depicting life in rural New England were written during this period.
In 1912 he took his family to live outside of London. He met many poets. The Road Not Taken was written about the Dymock Poets; Frost, although American, was a member. When the group disbanded he returned to the States.
He had a farm in Franconia and taught at Amherst College, University of Michigan and Bread Loaf School of Middlebury College in Vermont, off and on, from 1916 to 1938.
Frost endured tragedy. His mother died in 1900 and he committed his sister and one of his daughters for mental illness. The couple had six children, four of which died in his lifetime. Elinor died in 1938.
When America was raving over free verse, he continued to write structured poetry in colloquial English. He believed that metered poetry provided rules allowing the poet to concentrate on the words.
He received 40 honorary degrees, was nominated 31 times for the Nobel Prize and, in 1960, received the Congressional Gold Medal. Frost read his "The Gift Outright" at the Inauguration of President Kennedy. Frost died in 1963 and his epitaph reads "I had a lover's quarrel with the world." When you win the Pulitzer Prize four times, people want a photo of your typewriter ... at least I did.
Derry, New Hampshire
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