Today 2,219 years ago, on October 15, 202 BC the Battle of Zama is fought between the Roman Republic under the command of General Publius Cornelius Scipio along side Numidia under the command of King Massinissa against Carthage under the command of General Hannibal Barca. While Hannibal led a successful campaign in Italy for years against the Romans beating many Romans in battles such as the famous Battle of Cannae, Carthage was beat in Spain, and Scipio was headed straight to Carthage, this drew Hannibal out of Italy to defend his home. Hannibal's force (About 40,000 men) was greater in numbers than Scipio's (Around 35,000 men) and he had eighty war elephants under his command. But, many soldiers in Hannibal's army were recent conscripts and weren’t as experienced as Hannibal’s veterans, and the Romans had superior cavalry, such as the Numidian cavalry which Hannibal had employed and used with great success in his campaigns in Italy had, by then switched to the Roman side. Scipio's troops did not mass together to oppose the elephants, like the Romans had in previous battles against Hannibal, but instead blew their horns, opened up their ranks in order to let the elephants move through. When the elephants did so the Romans would pelt the elephants with missiles, eliminating them as a threat. The main Roman force then beat back the Carthaginian infantry, with the help of cavalry who had earlier chased the Carthaginian cavalry off the field of battle and came back to attack the infantry force. Now that they had been beaten on their home ground, the Carthaginian elite sued for peace, and accepted humiliating terms. Thus ending the 17 year long Second Punic War. After the battle Scipio was awarded the name by which we know his today as, Scipio Africanus. But soon the Romans would come back and crush Carthage again in the Third Punic War.