The birth of Sophia of Nassau: July 9, 1836:wife of King Oscar II of Sweden at Biebrich Palace in Wiesbaden (Germany)
Sophia was the youngest daughter of Wilhelm, Duke of Nassau, by his second wife Princess Pauline Friederica Marie of Württemberg. Sophia was given what was considered a suitable education for princesses at the time by private tutors. She was trained in fencing, normally reserved for males, to strengthen her back and correct her posture. Sophia was given what has been referred to as an upbringing more similar to the middle class Victorian life style, which she preferred rather than a royal one. She was described as serious, intelligent and dutiful, and interested in language and history: she was also genuinely religious.
The marriage of Sophia and Oscar should not be regarded as an arranged marriage: Oscar had been given the freedom to choose a princess he liked from the many courts he visited, and Sophia, who had previously been proposed to, did not wish to be pressured into marriage. Sophia and Oscar, however, mutually fell in love with each other.
Sophia and Oscar were married on 6 June 1857. The couple had four sons. Sophia exercised strong discipline over her children. Her decision to breast feed, at that time unusual for the upper class, attracted attention, and she also aroused attention when she in 1869 placed her sons in a public school rather than letting them be educated at home as had been the tradition in the royal house.
Politically, Sophia has been described as liberal and almost democratic in her views. Her political influence upon Oscar II is regarded as significant. She is regarded to have acted as his political adviser and is known to have used her political influence on several occasions. Sophia was Queen consort of Sweden and Norway for 35 years, longer than any other Swedish queen before her. She was the longest-serving queen until 2011, when she was surpassed by Queen Silvia. She is also the latest Queen of Sweden to have held the official title of Dowager Queen of Sweden.- #sweden #swedishmonarchy #swedishroyalty #bernadotte #bernadottedynasty #oscarii #sophiaofnassau #queenofsweden