This is a Soviet propaganda poster denouncing the 1978 Camp David Accords. The three figures at the bottom, from left to right, are Anwar Sadat, president of Egypt, Jimmy Carter, president of the USA, and Menachem Begin, Prime Minister of Israel. The large Arabic figure standing over the three represents the various arabic anti-Israeli coalition nations backed by the Soviet Union.
The Camp David Accords saw Egypt recognize Israel as a legitimate country, a move with massive implications in the Middle East as Egypt had been seen as the lynchpin of the anti Israel coalition for decades. Following a policy that maintained that the Israeli government was both illegitimate and in need of destruction, the Arab coalition had fought the Israelis in a series of wars since the 1956 Suez Crisis. The Soviet backed coalition had become the central issue in all foreign policy in the Middle East.
Thus the Accords were seen by the Soviets as an Egyptian betrayal of decades of Arab-Soviet unity. By negotiating with what the Soviets saw as a US puppet, in the US, the Egyptians laid the groundwork for the 1979 peace treaty and international recognition of Israel - and an infuriated Soviet Union. .
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