The medical alphabet! Patient assessment power tool!
A-Airway. Is your patient's airway patent (open) and self maintained?
B-Breathing. Is your patient's breathing normal and sustainable to life? Is their respiration rate within normal limits? (12-20 bpm). C-Circulation. Does your patient have a pulse? What is the quality of their pulse? Are there any major concerning bleeds? What is the color, condition and temperature of their skin?
D-Disability. Does your patient have a neurological or physical deficit?
E-Examine. Expose and examine the area of complaint.
F-Fahrenheit. What is your patient's temperature?
G-Get vitals. Take a blood pressure, pulse rate and quality, respiratory rate and quality, and O2 saturation.
H-Head to toe assessment. Here, you're looking for DCAPBTLS, which stands for Deformity, contusion, abrasions, punctures/penetrations, burns, lacerations, tenderness, and swelling. Inspect and palpate every body part for these things from head to toe.
I-Intervention. Fix anything you found in the head to toe exam. This may include splinting, bleeding control, C-spine immobilization, etc. **note.. if you find something that needs to be fixed with your patient's Airway, Breathing, or Circulation, fix it when you get to it! Not once you get to the head to toe exam. Airway, Breathing and Circulation come first. Your patient can't benefit from a leg splint if they do not have a clear airway, are not breathing, or are not circulating properly. Hope this helped you learn a little bit about patient assessment! -DeAnna❤️
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