☝🏼What is it: #Melasma is a type of hyperpigmentation thought to be caused by hormonal imbalances, so it is most commonly found in pregnant women and woman who have just given birth (hence also being referred to as the “mask of pregnancy”), as well as women on the contraceptive pill. It appears as brown ‘splodges’ on the face, usually on the forehead, cheekbones and above upper lip. There can be a slight symmetry to Melasma i.e. if you have it on your left cheek it will appear in a similar position and shape on your right cheek.
It is notoriously hard to treat so prevention in this case is definitely better than cure.
☝🏼Causes: As mentioned above, Melasma is caused by hormonal imbalances so if you are pregnant or have just given birth or have been on the contraceptive pill for a long time, you are likely to be susceptible. As with all types of pigmentation, sun exposure worsens it as does heat, so Melasma is likely to worsen during the summer months or at times when you expose yourself to high temperatures - hot yoga for example!
🌟Treatment: Unfortunately Melasma is very difficult to treat/cure due to its hormonal connections - some women report their Melasma disappearing after they come off their contraceptive pill, only for it to flare up again once they became pregnant. So the best course of action is to stop Melasma worsening during the Summer months and attempt to fade it during the Winter months.
☀️Summer: Put simply, keep your face out of the sun! Wear a wide brimmed sunhat at all times if you are going to be out in the sun, sit in the shade when you can and invest in a physical facial sunscreen. Choose a physical sunscreen which contains Zinc Oxide which is a UV filter which BLOCKS/DEFLECTS the entire spectrum of all UVA & UVB rays, rather than chemical sunscreens which try to absorb the sun’s rays. Physical sunscreens are also photo stable and Zinc Oxide is a non-irritating ingredient which is good for all skin types. I'll do another post on my favourite sunscreens ☀️
Cont'd in comments 👇🏼👇🏼👇🏼