To celebrate Peru's independence day on July 28, we will briefly discuss Peruvian independence history.
Before the Spaniards arrived, Peru was home to various local cultures and part of the Inca Empire. Francisco Pizarro landed on Peruvian coast in 1532 and by the late 1530s, Peru became a viceroyalty and a major source of gold and silver for the Spanish Empire.
Peru declared independence from Spain on 28 July 1821 thanks to the alliance between the Argentinian general officer José de San Martín and the Neogranadine Simón Bolivar.
However, the Battle of Ayacucho on 9 December 1824 was the decisive military encounter for the Peruvian War of Independence. It was the fight that secured the autonomy of Peru and guaranteed the freedom for the rest of South America.
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