Claiming to be the oldest college in Oxford, Balliol College dates back to 1263. In 1260, after being condemned by Henry III, because of a nasty dispute between the Bishop of Durham, John de Balliol was whipped and had imposed on him a penance of a substantial act of charity. This was Balliol College, a house of scholars.
In 1282, after Balliol’s death, his widow established the college as a permanent endowment.
Balliol College has paved the way for many great scholarly minds. “John Wyclif” is mentioned in the college archives, as he translated the Bible into English in the 1360s.