Traditionally, Buddhist ordination comprises a two-step process: an initial (pabbajja) ceremony, in which the candidate becomes a novice (samanera) and later, a second (upasampada) ceremony, in which the candidate becomes a monk (bhikkhu).
Laypeople undergo ordination as a novice ( Samanera) in a rite known as 'the going forth' (pabbajja). The Pabbajja ceremony is also the preliminary part of higher ordination (upasaṃpadā), raising a novice to a monk.
After taking the complete education and training of a Sramanera, one is eligible to become a Bhiksu. A Bhiksu is a fully ordained member of the Buddhist Sangha.
The ordination procedure for Buddhist monks, begins with the applicant's formal request (Pabbajja) to a senior monk or bhikkhu for the novice ordination.
Such a candidate, if accepted by the senior monk, is called a Parivrajaka, and has to remain in the service and tutelage of the senior monk.
It is the responsibility of the senior monk to train and educate the Sramanera fully.(Photo courtesy : @kiran_salve_ks )
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