Regrann from @mrpsmythopedia - In late Egyptian mythology, WEPWAWET was originally considered a war deity whose name means “opener of the ways.” He is often depicted as a wolf-headed deity standing at the prow of the sun god Ra’s solar-boat. In such a position and with such a name, Wepwawet was also seen as a scout, going out to clear routes for the army of Egypt to proceed forward. One inscription found in the Sinai states that Wepwawet "opens the way" to pharaoh Sekhemkhet's victory.

Wepwawet originally was seen as a wolf deity, thus the Greek name of Lycopolis, the city where his temple resided and which meant “city of wolves.” It is likely the case that Wepwawet was originally just a symbol of the pharaoh, seeking to associate with wolf-like attributes, that later became deified as a mascot to accompany the pharaoh. Likewise, Wepwawet was said to accompany the pharaoh on hunts, armed with sharp arrows more powerful than the gods alone.

Over time, the connection to war, and thus to death, led to Wepwawet also being seen as one who opened the ways to, and through, Duat (the Egyptian realm of the dead), for the spirits of the dead. Through this, and the similarity of the jackal to the wolf, Wepwawet became associated with Anubis, the canine-headed god of mummification, eventually being considered his son. Consequently, Wepwawet often is confused with Anubis.

In later Egyptian art, Wepwawet was depicted as a wolf or a jackal, or as a man with the head of a wolf or a jackal. Even when considered a jackal, Wepwawet usually was shown with grey, or white fur, reflecting his lupine origins. He was shown dressed as a soldier, carrying the finest military equipment of the day; a mace and a bow.

Artwork by: Don Handel and Echdhu@DeviantArt

#Wepwawet #WarGod #EgyptianMythology #Egypt #EgyptianGod #Mythology #MrPsMythopedia - #regrann

Via Mr. P's Mythopedia "In Norse mythology, FRIGG is a goddess associated with foreknowledge and wisdom, who dwells in the wetland halls of Fensalir. She is also the goddess of marriage, childbirth, motherhood, wisdom, household management, weaving and spinning. As goddess of weaving she was associated with weaving clouds and the threads of fate, known as Wyrd in the Nordic tradition. Frigg is the wife of Odin, the chief of the Aesir gods, and the mother of Baldur, whose death is seen as the first in the chain of events which will ultimately lead to the destruction of the gods at Ragnarök, or the end-of-the-world battle between the Aesir and the Jotunn (giants)..." #Frigg #NorseMythology #NorseGoddess #Goddess #Mythology #MrPsMythopedia

In Russian mythology, the SIRIN is a half-woman, half-bird creature with the head and chest of a beautiful woman and the body of a bird (usually an owl).They were usually portrayed wearing a crown or with a nimbus around their heads. In all its many forms, the sirin most closely approximates to the figure of the Muse or Inspiration, soothing, gentle and incredibly lyrical, singing beautiful songs to the saints and foretelling future joys. )in fact, they were a direct interpretation of the ancient Greek siren!) For mortals, the bird-women were extremely dangerous. Men who heard them would forget everything on earth, follow them, and ultimately die. People would attempt to save themselves from Sirins by shooting cannons, ringing bells and making other loud noises to scare the bird off.

According to myth, the sirins lived "in Indian lands" near Eden or around the Euphrates River and later, in the 17-18th century, the image of sirins changed from dangerous to something far more positive. In the stories, they started to symbolize world harmony (as they live near paradise). People in those times believed only really happy people could hear a sirin, while only very few could see one because she is as fast and difficult to catch as human happiness. She symbolized eternal joy and heavenly happiness.

The legend of the sirin might have been introduced to Kievan Rus by Persian merchants in the 8th-9th century. In the cities of Chersonesos and Kiev they are often found on pottery, golden pendants, even on the borders of Gospel books of tenth-twelfth centuries. Russian illustrated Bobles often depicted sirins on the illustrations in the Book of Genesis as birds sitting in paradise trees... #Sirins #Sirens #RussianMythology #Russia #Mythology #MrPsMythopedia — with Michael H Lau.

In Greek mythology, the NEREIDS are sea nymphs (female spirits of sea waters), the 50 daughters of Nereus and Doris, sister to Nerites. They often accompany Poseidon, the god of the sea, and can be friendly and helpful to sailors, like the Argonauts in their search for the Golden Fleece... #Nereids #GreekMythology #Poseidon #Nereus #Mythology #MrPsMythopedia

Most people know about the Twelve Labors of HERAKLES (Hercules to many, that being his most popular Roman name!), where the demigod hero had to go forth and work his way through twelve increasingly impossible tasks in order to cleanse his soul. Pretty famous stuff there. However, most people do NOT know the continuing story of Herakles, where he runs afoul of the god Hermes (the fleet-footed messenger god of the Greek pantheon), gets sold to a "barbarian" queen and is forced to become her slave for three years. Throw in some pretty demeaning tasks for a hero, some bizarre cross-dressing and oddly enough, an actual true love story, and you've got an interesting continuation of Herakles' further adventures! (with some actual brutal Herakles-esque stuff in there for good measure, too.) Check it out!

The Story: http://unusualhistoricals.blogspot.com/2015/02/cross-dressed-lovers-omphale-and.html

#Herakles #Hercules #Omphale #GreekMythology #MrPsMythopedia

MBOI TU'I is one of the seven legendary monsters of Brazilian-Guaraní mythology. He is the second son of the chaotic spirit Tau and the human female, Kerana. Mbói Tu'i literally translates to "snake-parrot" which describes this creatures appearance.

Mbói Tu'i has the form of an enormous serpent with a huge parrot head and a huge beak. He also has a red, forked tongue the color of blood. His skin is scaly and streaked and feathers cover his head. He has a harmful look that frightens everyone who has the bad luck to encounter him as he patrols the swamps and protects amphibian life. He enjoys the humidity and flowers and lets out an incredible powerful and terrible squawk which can be heard from very far off and which instills terror in all who hear it. He is considered the protector of aquatic animals and the wetlands... Artwork by Mike Azevedo

#MboiTui #GuaraniMythology #Mythology #MrPsMythopedia

The mythical KAPPA of Japan are amphibious turtle-like yokai-creatures who ran the line from annoying tricksters to menacing terrors notorious for luring people into the water in hopes of drowning them. In the rich and lengthy lore about Kappas, the ancient Japanese detailed how one could repel them if the need arose. Not with magic or special magical objects; no, the Kappas that lurked in Japan's waterways could be repelled by a strong fart. If delivered properly, the Kappa would take off like a shot and dive right back into the water, leaving the victim both gastronomically relieved and also safe from harm! You've got to hand it to the Japanese...there is NEVER any doubt that they went out of their way to make mythology amusing!

#Kappa #Farts #JapaneseMythology #Yokai #MrPsMythopedia

RAVANA is the primary antagonist in the Hindu mythological tale as told in the ancient Hindu epic Ramayana where he is depicted as the Rakshasa (demon) king of Lanka.

Ravana, a devotee of Lord Shiva, is depicted and described as a great scholar, a capable ruler and a maestro of the veena (plucked stringed instrument). He is also described as extremely powerful and has ten heads. His paramount ambition is to overpower and dominate the devas (gods). His ten heads represent his knowledge of the six shastras and the four Vedas. In the Ramayana, Ravana kidnaps Rama's wife Sita to exact vengeance on Rama and his brother Lakshmana for having cut off the ears and nose of his sister Shurpanakha.

Ravana is a major character in Buddhist texts such as the Laṅkāvatāra Sūtra and the Gathering of Intentions, a text of the Nyingma school of Tibetan Buddhism, and is worshiped by Hindus in some parts of India, Sri Lanka and Bali (in Indonesia.) He is considered to be the most revered devotee of Shiva and images of Ravana are seen associated with Shiva at some places... #Ravana #Rakshasa #Ramayana #HinduMythology #Mythology #India #MrPsMythopedia

The bizarre creatures, majestic monsters and supernatural beings are many within the pages of world mythology. These are but a few of the most infamous from around the globe. As promised, this is only "Volume One," with a few more in the works as we speak! As you all well know, there is only so much room on one infographic, which is actually a good problem to have!

Meanwhile, do you have a thought on what creatures need to be added next or have ideas for other infographics you'd like seen done on the Mythopedia? Let me know in the comments below! Meanwhile, enjoy! -Mr. P.

#Monsters #Creatures #Beasts #Supernatural #Infographic #Mythology #WorldMythology #MrPsMythopedia

BES, a minor god of ancient Egypt, was represented as a dwarf with large head, goggle eyes, protruding tongue, bowlegs, bushy tail, and usually a crown of feathers. The god’s figure was that of a grotesque mountebank and was intended to inspire joy or drive away pain and sorrow, his hideousness being perhaps supposed to scare away evil spirits. He was portrayed on mirrors, ointment vases, and other personal articles and was associated with music, childbirth and was represented in the “birth houses” devoted to the cult of the child god. Contrary to the usual rule of representation, Bes was commonly shown full-faced rather than in profile, since full-faced figures were marginal to the normal, ordered world.

#Bes #EgyptianMythology #Egypt #Mythology #MrPsMythopedia

In Japanese mythology, the TIDE JEWELS, individually, the "kanju" (literally "tide-ebbing jewel") and "manju" (literally "tide-flowing jewel")-- were magical gems that the "Sea God" used to control the tides. Classical Japanese history texts record an ancient myth that the ocean kami Watatsumi, "sea god" or Ryūjin "dragon god" presented the kanju and manju to his demigod son-in-law Hoori, and a later legend that Empress Jingū used the tide jewels to conquer Korea.

Tide jewels interrelate Japanese dragons and "wani" sea-monsters, Indonesian mythology, the nyoi-ju "cintamani"; wish-fulfilling jewel" in Japanese Buddhism, magic jewels of Nāga kings in Hindu mythology, and the pearl associations of Chinese dragons in Chinese mythology... #TideJewels #Ryujin #Kami #Japan #JapaneseMythology #Mythology #MrPsMythopedia

When the Norse Aesir gods realized that they had to find a way to secure the ever-growing and increasingly dangerous wolf, Fenrir, to prevent him from beginning the end of the world, they tried many tactics, each to no avail. It wasn't until a deal with the dwarves was struck and an unbreakable set of chains could be constructed that they saw their chance to do the deed. One small problem: how to trick the ferocious wolf for long enough while they clapped him in said chains? Fenrir was no idiot; he knew that something was afoot, and he wasn't going to make imprisoning him easy on the gods. Enter the hardcore upholder of justice and law, the Norse god of war, glory and oaths, TYR. As the only one to step up to the challenge of taming (briefly) the giant mutant wolf, Tyr tricked Fenrir into allowing the gods to ensare him. How? He played on the wolf's vanity and told him that he, Fenrir, could totally show up the gods by busting loose of whatever trap was produced. To sweeten the deal, Tyr offered to put his hand into Fenrir's mouth as collateral, knowing full well what the outcome was going to be. The gods chained the wolf, and when Fenrir realized that he wasn't getting away this time, he bit down and took of Tyr's hand in one bone-splintering snap of his jaws. For Tyr, it was just another day at work; the god went on to fight as a one-handed legend throughout the rest of his days! Now, THAT'S epic!

Artwork: "Tyr's Promise" by Sam Flegal

#Fenrir #Tyr #NorseMythology #Mythology #MrPsMythopedia

In Norse mythology, NAGLFAR or Naglfari (Old Norse "nail ship") is a boat made entirely from the horrid fingernails and toenails of the dead. During the events of Ragnarök, (the Norse edition of the apocalypse) Naglfar is foretold to sail to Vígríðr, the large field where the Aesir and their allies will fight the jotunn (Giants) and Loki. The massive and rather unsanitary boat would be put to work ferrying hordes of giants and dishonorable dead that will do battle with the gods. Naglfar is attested in the Poetic Edda, compiled in the 13th century from earlier traditional sources, and the Prose Edda, written in the 13th century by Snorri Sturluson... #Naglfar #Ragnarok #NorseMythology #Mythology #MrPsMythopedia

In the mythology passed down by the Dogon people of African Mali, the NOMMO are mythological ancestral spirits worshiped by the people who inhabit the land there. The word "Nommos" is derived from a Dogon word meaning "to make one drink." The Nommos are usually described as amphibious, hermaphroditic, fish-like creatures and folk art depictions of the Nommos show creatures with humanoid upper torsos, legs/feet, and a fish-like lower torso and tail. The Nommos are also referred to as “Masters of the Water”, “the Monitors”, and "the Teachers”. Nommo can be a proper name of an individual, or can refer to the group of spirits as a whole.

Dogon mythology says that Nommo was the first living creature created by the sky god Amma. Shortly after his creation, Nommo underwent a transformation and multiplied into four pairs of twins. One of the twins rebelled against the universal order created by Amma. To restore order to his creation, Amma sacrificed another of the Nommo progeny, whose body was dismembered and scattered throughout the universe. This dispersal of body parts is seen by the Dogon as the source for the proliferation of Binu (a totemic cult) shrines throughout the Dogons’ traditional territory; wherever a body part fell, a shrine was erected. The Nommo are also thought to be the origin of the first Hogon, the spiritual leaders of the Dogon... #Nommos #Dogon #AfricanMythology #Africa #Mythology #MrPsMythopedia

A MERMAID is a legendary aquatic creature with the head and upper body of a female human and the tail of a fish. Mermaids appear in the folklore of many cultures worldwide, including the Near East, Europe, Africa and Asia. The first stories appeared in ancient Assyria, in which the goddess Atargatis transformed herself into a mermaid out of shame for accidentally killing her human lover. Mermaids are sometimes associated with perilous events such as floods, storms, shipwrecks and drownings. In other folk traditions (or sometimes within the same tradition), they can be benevolent or beneficent, bestowing boons or falling in love with humans.

The male equivalent of the mermaid is the MERMAN, also a familiar figure in folklore and heraldry. Although traditions about and sightings of mermen are less common than those of mermaids, they are generally assumed to co-exist with their female counterparts.

Some of the attributes of mermaids may have been influenced by the Sirens of Greek mythology. Historical accounts of mermaids, such as those reported by Christopher Columbus during his exploration of the Caribbean, may have been inspired by manatees and similar aquatic mammals. While there is no evidence that mermaids exist outside of folklore, reports of mermaid sightings continue to the present day, including 21st century examples from Israel and Zimbabwe.

Mermaids have been a popular subject of art and literature in recent centuries, such as in Hans Christian Andersen's well-known fairy tale "The Little Mermaid" (1836). They have subsequently been depicted in operas, paintings, books, films and comics.

"Mermaid" by Pin100 at deviantart.com

#Mermaids #Merfolk #Mythology #WorldMythology #MrPsMythopedia

Music isn't just something one listens to with the ears; it is a shape-shifting force of nature, something that inspires greatness, calms anxieties, declares everlasting love, delivers happiness and joy, comforts the sick and lonely and brings bravery and courage to the heart. The ancient Greeks knew the almost supernatural and ethereal powers of music in its many forms and naturally saw it as an extension of the gods; those who ran the very fabric of the universe. The power to create and manipulate music in its many iterations was derived from EUTERPE, one of the nine MOUSAI (MUSES), the nine sisters of divine inspiration in the arts. As a daughter of Zeus, the king of the Olympians and the Titaness of Memory, Mnemosyne, Euterpe allowed the powers of music to flow through the hearts, minds and souls of the ancient Greeks to much fanfare and love!

#Euterpe #Muses #Mousai #GreekGods #GreekMythology #Mythology #MrPsMythopedia

AMPHITRITE was the goddess-queen of the sea, wife of Poseidon, and eldest of the fifty Nereides. She was the female personification of the sea--the loud-moaning mother of fish, seals and dolphins.

When Poseidon first sought Amphitrite's hand in marriage, she fled his advances, and hid herself away near Atlas in the Ocean stream at the far ends of the earth. The dolphin-god Delphin eventually tracked her down and persuaded her to return to wed the sea-king.

Amphitrite was depicted in Greek vase painting as a young woman, often raising her hand in a pinching gesture. Sometimes she was shown holding a fish. In mosaic art the goddess usually rides beside her husband in a chariot drawn by fish-tailed horses or hippokampoi. Sometimes her hair is enclosed with a net and her brow adorned with a pair of crab-claw "horns". Her name is probably derived from the Greek words amphis and tris, "the surrounding third." Her son Tritôn was similarly named "of the third." Clearly "the third" is the sea, although the reason for the term is obscure. Amphitrite was essentially the same as the primordial sea-goddess Thalassa. Her Roman equivalent was Salacia whose name means "the salty one." #Amphitrite #Poseidon #Delphin #GreekMythology #Mythology #MrPsMythopedia

Artwork by Fedini

TENGU, or "heavenly dog," are a type of legendary creature found in Japanese folk religion and are also considered a type of Shinto god (kami) or yōkai (supernatural beings). Although they take their name from a dog-like Chinese demon (Tiangou), the tengu were originally thought to take the forms of birds of prey, and they are traditionally depicted with both human and avian characteristics. The earliest tengu were pictured with beaks, but this feature has often been humanized as an unnaturally long nose, which today is widely considered the tengu's defining characteristic in the popular imagination.

Buddhism long held that the tengu were disruptive demons and harbingers of war who mislead the pious faithful with false images of the Buddha, carried off monks and dropped them in remote places, possessed women in an attempt to seduce holy men, robbed temples, and endowed those who worship them with unholy power. They often disguised themselves as priests or nuns, but their true form seemed to be that of a kite-like creature.Their image eventually and gradually softened, however, into one of protective, if still dangerous, spirits of the mountains and forests that protect and bless Buddhist institutions instead of threatening them! As a result, today Tengu are worshiped as beneficial kami (gods or revered spirits) in various Japanese religious cults.

Artwork by Yuko Shimizu

#Tengu #Yokai #JapaneseMyth #Kami #Japan #Mythology #MrPsMythopedia

In Hindu, Jain and Buddhist mythology, YAKSHA is the name of a broad class of nature-spirits, usually benevolent, who are caretakers of the natural treasures hidden in the earth and tree roots. The feminine form of the Yaksha is Yakshini, and the two sexes appear quite different in Indian art. Male yakṣhas are portrayed either as fearsome warriors or as portly, stout and dwarf-like. Female yakṣhiṇis are portrayed as beautiful young women with happy round faces and full breasts and hips.

According to Hindu, Jain, and Buddhist texts, the yakṣha has a dual personality. On the one hand, a yakṣha may be an inoffensive nature-fairy, associated with woods and mountains; but there is also a darker version of the yakṣha, which is a kind of ghost (bhuta) that haunts the wilderness and waylays and devours travelers, similar to the rakṣhasas (demons). #Yakshas #Yakshinis #NatureSpirits #Hinduism #Jainism #Buddhism #India #Mythology #MrPsMythopedia

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