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After 1261 and the return of Constantinople to the Latins by the Byzantines, the various Turkish emirs that succeed the Seljuk state extend at the expense of the Asian territories of the Byzantine Empire and at the beginning of the fourteenth century, almost all Anatolia is in the hands of the Turks despite the intervention of the Catalan company. The Ottoman emirate derives the greatest benefit from the Byzantine difficulties he took possession of Nicaea and Nicomedia around 1330. Soon, the Ottomans crossed the Bosphorus and settled in Europe, where they gradually submit all the Christian states of the Balkan peninsula. Under the reign of Bayezid I, from 1389, Constantinople suffered a blockade rarely defeated by the intervention of some Western adventurers. At that date, the Byzantine Empire was reduced to the immediate periphery of Constantinople and the despotate of Morea. The defeat of Bayezid at the Battle of Ankara in 1402 against Tamerlane weakened the Ottoman Empire which, for nearly a decade, was in the throes of a civil war and the revolt of formerly submissive emirates. But the Byzantine Empire hardly benefits from this reprieve and very quickly, its situation becomes again like that of 1402. After a first siege in 1422, the Ottomans, led by Mehmet II, manage to seize the Byzantine capital in 1453 This is the end of what still remained of the Roman Empire.

#medieval #war #knights #knight #History #history4u #middleage #catholicism #middleages #catholic #Christian #jerusalem #historian #historic #historical #histoire #chevalier #ww #fight #art

Butrón is a castle located in Gatika, in the province of Biscay, in northern Spain.
It dates originally from the Middle Ages, although it owes its present appearance to an almost complete rebuilding begun by Francisco de Cubas (also known as Marqués de Cubas) in 1878.

#photography #photographer #photographyislife #traveller #travel #Butrón #castle #MiddleAges

harvesting the #mandrake
Tacuinum sanitatis, Rhineland 15th century (BnF, Latin 9333, fol. 37r) #mandragora #medieval #herb #plants #dog #herbalife #art #middleages #manuscript #book #illustration #illumination #history #botanical #healthyfood

"The Emperor Commodus Leaving the Arena at the Head of the Gladiators", a 19th-century painting by Edwin Blashfield. #Commodus
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There's a Roman Emperor from the Antonine Dynasty named Commodus who was famously known for his huge passion for the gladiatorial combat. Commodus was extremely proud of his physical prowess and thought of himself as the reincarnation of Hercules. He frequently emulating the legendary hero's feats by appearing in the arena as gladiator.
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In the arena, Commodus always won since his opponents always submitted to the emperor. Often, wounded soldiers and amputees would be placed in the arena for Commodus to slay with a sword. Citizens of Rome missing their feet through accident or illness were also taken to the arena, where they were tethered together for the Emperor to club to death while pretending they were giant. Moreover, for each appearance in the arena, he charged the city of Rome a million sesterces, straining the Roman economy.
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Commodus was also known for fighting exotic animals in the arena, often to the horror of the Roman people. It was reported that he once killed 100 lions in a single day. Later, he decapitated a running ostrich with a dart and afterwards carried the bleeding head of the dead bird over to the section where the Senators sat and gesticulated as though they were next. However, the senators actually found this more ridiculous than frightening, and chewed on laurel leaves to conceal their laughter.

Antwerpen • Belgium

Het Steen is a medieval fortress in the old city centre of Antwerp. Built after the Viking incursions in the early Middle Ages as the first stone fortress of Antwerp, Het Steen is Antwerp’s oldest building and used to be its oldest urban centre.
At the entrance to the Castle bridge stands a statue of the giant the Lange Wapper. He was said to have terrorised the inhabitants of the city during medieval times.

Girl with a Pearl Earring is an oil painting by 17th-century Dutch painter Johannes Vermeer. It is a tronie of a girl with a headscarf and a pearl earring. The painting has been in the collection of the Mauritshuis in The Hague since 1902.
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#painting #reproduction #girl #oil #shadow #famous #painter #vermeer #middleages
#goldenage #cultural #culture #holland #dutch #netherlands #followtofollow #like4like #old #town #touristic #mustsee #museum #perle #pearl #delft #mahler #mittelalter #likeforlike #paintingphotography #light

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Antes del concierto en el Museo Saavedra de Buenos Aires.
Before the concert in Saavedra Museum, Buenos Aires

#museos #concerts #buenosaires #musica #music #conciertos #medieval #renacimiento #ancientmusic #renaissance #middleages #edadmedia

Tour Jean-sans-Peur, Paris. This is part of the Parisian Hôtel of John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy (1371-1419). The Dukes of Burgundy in the fifteenth century were a junior branch of the royal house of Valois, and through a series of judicious marriages and land acquisition (primarily in the Low Countries), established themselves as one of the wealthiest and most powerful noble courts in Europe. "Burgundian" became a byword for magnificence and luxury, imbued with notions of chivalric excellence. John the Fearless was the second duke of the dynasty, and served as regent for his mentally ill cousin, Charles VI. He is especially notable for his feud with the King's brother, Louis de Orléans, whose assassination on John's orders did much to shape the conflict of the ongoing Hundred Years War. This tower was built between 1409-11, in the midst of intense conflict, and was designed to provide safe accommodation for the Duke. It did not, however, prevent his assassination by his enemies at the bridge of Montereau during peace talks in 1419. The tower has incredible architectural detail, including the foliaged vaulting of the spiral staircase and the oldest toilet in Paris. ♔♔♔
#medieval #middleages #TourJeansansPeur #John #Fearless #DukeofBurgundy #Burgundy #Paris #France #HundredYearsWar #architecture #tower #building #gothic #history #heritage #Hôtel #castle #fort

I was in Florence last year, and I've loved it. The distinctive colour of the buildings, the magic of the old bridge (Ponte Vecchio) and all those little cobbled streets...
The only thing that spoiled it for me was that it's obviously very touristy and crowded, which resulted in many not so traditional restaurants, expensive gift shops and a jungle of selfie sticks wherever I looked.
So I'd rather picture how Florence used to be a few centuries ago... when its people would walk around in corsets and gowns, when the markets were more genuine, and when Dante fell in love with Bice Portinari (Beatrice), and she waved at him.

There's a slightly pagan feel to the Virgin of the Keys statue in Notre Dame-la-Grande, this one thought to be a 16th century copy of the original. The story goes that a clerk had turned traitor, promising to turn the city over to the English by opening the gates to them at night. However, the keys to the city mysteriously went missing, only to reappear in the hands of the statue. Cue centuries of veneration.

#poitiers #notredame #architecturelovers #sacredspace #church #france #architecture #architecturephotography #picoftheday #instagood #romanesque #middleages #medieval #11thcentury #statue #virgin

What carving! Part of the west portal of Notre Dame-la-Grande. The density and liveliness of the stonework is hugely pleasureable.
#poitiers #notredame #facade #architecturelovers #sacredspace #church #france #architecture #architecturephotography #picoftheday #instagood #romanesque #middleages #medieval #carving #stonecarving #11thcentury #portal #repeat

Le #monete ricordo di #AnticaFiera sono molto amate soprattutto dai più piccini... 😊

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