Cocaine effect on hard palate erosion and perforation!
This 25-year-old man presented to the surgical clinic with a hole in the roof of his mouth (palate) that allowed nasal regurgitation of food when he ate. The hole had been present for a year, and he requested surgical correction. The patient reported a 5-year history of nasal cocaine use from which he had recently abstained. Physical examination revealed a large perforation of the nasal septum and midline palate. Local complications of intranasal cocaine abuse include chronic rhinitis, sinusitis, epistaxis, ossification or necrosis of the nasal septum, and in rare cases, palatal perforation. The hole developed as a result of the use of cocaine, a potent vasoconstrictor (results in narrowing of blood vessels), that can lead to ischemia, necrosis, and ulceration, as seen in this case.