August 6, 1844 – Birth of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, son of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.
Alfred was the second son and fourth child of Queen Victoria, and her husband, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. He was known to his family as "Affie." In 1856 it was decided that Prince Alfred, in accordance with his own wishes, should enter the Royal Navy. On the abdication of King Otto of Greece, in 1862, Prince Alfred was chosen to succeed him, but the British government blocked the idea because of the Queen's opposition to the idea. She and her late husband had made plans for him to succeed to the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg. He was created Duke of Edinburgh in 1866.
In January 1874, the Duke of Edinburgh married the Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia, the second (and only surviving) daughter of Emperor Alexander II of Russia and his wife Marie of Hesse and by Rhine. The marriage, however, was not a happy one, and the bride was thought haughty by London Society. The couple had six children, only five live to adulthood, their eldest daughter became Queen of Romania.
On the death of his uncle, Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha in 1893, the duchy fell to the Duke of Edinburgh, since his elder brother (the Prince of Wales) had renounced his right to the succession before he married.
The Duke of Saxe-Coburg died of throat cancer on 30 July 1900. His only son, the Hereditary Prince Alfred, had died a year before. Next in line was his brother, Arthur, Duke of Connaught, and his son, Prince Arthur, but decided renounced their succession rights. Alfred was eventually succeeded as the Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha by his nephew, Prince Charles Edward, Duke of Albany, the posthumous son of his youngest brother, Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany. #britishmonarchy #britishroyalty #britishroyals #royals #royalty #royaleurope #queenvictoria #saxecoburggotha #dukeofsaxecoburgandgotha #alfreddukeofsaxecoburgandgotha #mariaalexandrova #princealbert