What is anaemia & why might I have it?
Anaemia is when either a persons level of red blood cells or level of haemoglobin is lower than normal, which deprives the body of adequate oxygen.
Causes of anaemia
* Dietary deficiency – lack of iron, vitamin B12 or folic acid in the diet.
* Malabsorption – where the body is not able to use the nutrients in the diet, caused by conditions such as coeliac disease.
* Inherited disorders – such as thalassaemia or sickle cell disease.
* Autoimmune disorders – such as autoimmune haemolytic anaemia, where the immune cells attack the red blood cells and decrease their life span.
* Chronic diseases – such as rheumatoid arthritis and tuberculosis.
* Hormone disorders – such as hypothyroidism.
* Bone marrow disorders – such as cancer or infection.
* Blood loss – due to trauma, surgery, cancer, peptic ulcer, heavy menstruation, bowel cancer or frequent blood donations.
* Drugs and medications – including alcohol, antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs or anti-coagulant medications.
* Infection – such as malaria and septicaemia, which reduce the life span of red blood cells.
* Periods of rapid growth or high energy requirements – such as puberty or pregnancy.
(Info from: @betterhealthgov https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/conditionsandtreatments/anaemia #betterhealth #vic) #aneamia #facts #empoweringknowledgenutrition #dietitian #perth