Alboin and the Lombards
Alboin (530s - 572) was king of the Lombards from 560 until 572. During his reign the Lombards ended their migrations by settling in Italy, the northern part of which Alboin conquered between 569 and 572. He had a lasting effect on Italy and the Pannonian Basin; in the former his invasion marked the beginning of centuries of Lombard rule, and in the latter his defeat of the Gepids and his departure from Pannonia because of the Avars ended the dominance there of the Germanic peoples. Having conquered Northern Italt and proclaimed the Lombard kingeom in 568, Alboin was assassinated in 572, in a coup instigated by the Byzantines, but his kingdom would endure.
Over time, the Lombards gradually adopted Roman titles, names, and traditions, even referring to their state as the kingdom of Italy effectively losing their German identity and becoming Italian. They came into conflict with the papacy and their ally Charlemagne king of the franks who conquered them in 774. Their legacy however would be an enduring and profound one. Their language made a large contribution in the development of the Italian language from Latin, they had beautiful art, they established a legal system and even left a genetic imprint on the population. There is also a province in northern Italy that bears the name Lombardy.