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The Junkers Ju 87 'stuka' was one of the most iconic, fascinating but psychologically disturbing and horrifying aircraft of the second world war. Stuka stands for "Sturzkampfflugzeug". It was first introduced in 1936 and made its debut in the Spanish civil war in the German"legion kondor". The manufacturer of this plane was Junkers and the designer was Hermann Pohlmann. Around 6,500 of these planes were built. Upon the leading edges of its faired main gear legs were mounted the Jericho-Trompete wailing sirens, becoming the propaganda symbol of German air power and the blitzkrieg victories of 1939–1942. The plane even had some very innovative features, like the pull up dive breaks, that ensure that the aircraft recovered from its attack dive even if the pilot blacked out from the high g-forces. It spearheaded air assaults throughout the war including the Blitzkrieg campaign, North Africa campaign, eastern front and many more. Although sturdy, accurate, and very effective against ground targets, the Ju 87, like other dive bombers of the war, was vulnerable to modern fighter aircraft. During the Battle of Britain a lack of manoeuvrability, speed and defensive armament meant that the Stuka required a fighter escort to operate effectively. It's wailing siren caused fear, psychological distress and panic amongst it's enemies as it would come diving down, blazing it's machine guns and dropping it's bombs.
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