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Sinking The General Belgrano; Why?
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After the invasion of the Falklands Island by Argentina, the British declared a Total Exclusion Zone (TEZ) of 200nm (370km) around the Falklands within which any Argentine naval unit entering would be attacked. The Argentine Navy assembled its two major naval units, the aircraft carrier ARA Veinticinco de Mayo and the ARA General Belgrano, into two groups escorted by two destroyers each and ordered them to launch an attack on the British Task Force on May 1, 1982. The light cruiser and her two escorts was forming Task Group 79.3 and moved south of the TEZ while Task Group 79.1 with the aircraft carrier was approaching from the north. Admiral Sandy Woodward, Commander-in-Chief of the British Task Force, had sent HMS Conqueror and HMS Splendid, two nuclear submarines, to shadow the two Argentine Task Groups. On May 2, Conqueror torpedoed and sank the General Belgrano which was sailing outside of the TEZ. The sinking was the subject of a huge controversy in both the UK and Argentina considering the cruiser's positions.
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HMS Conqueror was allowed to fire at General Belgrano, despite being outside of the TEZ, for two reasons. First, the British had warned the Argentine government on 23 April that British military operations were no longer restricted within the limits of the TEZ. Second, Admiral Woodward had practiced the employment of Exclusion Zones in military operations six months before the Falklands War with the U.S. Navy. During these exercises, he managed to sneak past American ships and fire four Exocet missiles at the aircraft carrier USS Coral Sea (CV-43) from only 11miles (18km) away. He was thus aware of the risks of becoming over-engrossed in one area of operations at the risk of ignoring another. While the British were expecting an attack from the West, Woodward didn't ignore his northern and southern flanks and knew that a cruiser was capable of moving within short distance of a well defended battle group. The aforementioned exercises taught him these valuable lessons which led him to consider the General Belgrano as a threat that had to be destroyed while it still could.
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Posted by @the_ww2_gallery

HMAS Melbourne at anchor in Sydney Harbour, about 1920. The ship was broken up for scrap in 1929. To purchase this and other images visit fairfaxsyndication.com ID: FXT282404 #hmasmelbourne #1920s #sydneyharbour #royalaustraliannavy #lightcruiser #australianhistory #sydneyhistory #picturesque #blackandwhitephotography

Photo of the HMCS Ontario. This ship was a Minotaur-Class light cruiser that entered service into the Royal Canadian Navy on May 25th, 1945, at the end of World War 2.

The HMCS Ontario was a relatively large ship for being a light cruiser. It had a large complement of guns comprising Three triple 6 inch guns, Five dual 4 inch guns, Four quad 2 pounder guns and Six single 40mm AA guns.

It had a large crew for a light cruiser. It had a crew of 867, the largest Canadian warship of it's time.

Allies:
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🌎 Without glasses, become a different person.😑 🌐#nendoroid #kancolle #kantaicollection #oyodo #lightcruiser

Mystery Mondays!

Congratulations to @victor52b for identifying the Arethusa-class light cruiser Aurora, shown in the previous image as HMS Aurora of the Royal Navy. This image shows her as HMCS Aurora of the Royal Canadian Navy, likely late 1920 or early 1921, in Esquimalt, British Columbia. She had just completed transporting admiralty documents to Canadian consulates throughout the Americas in concert with the destroyers HMCS Patriot (moored off Aurora's starboard side) and HMCS Patrician (back left). These three ships were transferred to the RCN as a replacement for two aging ex-RN cruisers Canada had formed their fledgling navy around in 1910.
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Aurora was a 3,750 ton vessel measuring 436' x 39' x 13.5'. She could make 28.5 kn on 40,000 shp and was armed with 2 x 6" in single mounts fore and aft along with 6 x 4" mounts, an AA gun, and torpedo tubes. She was laid down for the Royal Navy in 1912 and commissioned in September 1914.
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Aurora first saw action 24 January 1915 when she was fired on by the light cruiser SMS Kolberg during the Battle of Dogger Bank. She captured two trawlers that year and helped force the auxiliary cruise SMS Meteor to scuttle. In 1917 she saw use as a minelayer, and in November 1918 was present at the surrender of the German High Seas Fleet. She was decommissioned in September 1920 and transferred to Canada.
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As part of the RCN, Aurora made the aforementioned training cruise before budget cuts forces her decommissioning in July 1922. After years of sitting pier-side with her equipment and armament stripped and re-purposed, she was sold for scrap in 1927.
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#mysterymondays⚓️ #hmcsaurora #hmsurora #royalnavy #royalcanadiannavy #rcn #britain #canada #navy #warship #arethusaclass #lightcruiser #cruiser #ww1 #thegreatwar #doggerbank #vintagephoto #navalwarfare #navalhistory #history #hazegrey

Operation Catapult: Fort-de-France - Close Call
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On 18 July 1940, the French light cruiser Émile Bertin (seen here) arrived to Halifax, Canada, with 254 tons of gold from the Bank of France. After the French asked for an armistice with Germany, the cruiser sailed to Fort-de-France, Martinique. During her journey, she was shadowed by the British heavy cruiser HMS Devonshire until she escaped thanks to her superior speed.
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Émile Bertin arrived in Fort-de-France on 21 July (a day before the Armistice) and joined the light cruiser Jeanne d'Arc and the aircraft carrier Béarn. When the little fleet learned of the attack of Mers el-Kébir, the French expected the same fate and prepared the defence. And they were right, the Royal Navy had sent the light cruisers HMS Fiji and HMS Dunedin to destroy the French ships in Fort-de-France.
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But this part of Operation Catapult was cancelled after an American intervention. President Roosevelt wanted to prevent a fight and signed an agreement with the French. Their warships in Martinique were interned in the harbour of Fort-de-France, constantly under the surveillance of an American observer. The U.S. Navy regularly patrolled in the area in place of the Royal Navy which was totally fine with this agreement. In exchange, the small fleet would remain under the control of Vichy, would not be attacked and the French colony had an exclusive commercial agreement with the United States which would provide everything the colony needed to live.
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Crews aboard French warships were strongly against joining the British to continue the fight, even before Operation Catapult, and when the United States entered the war, the Americans forced the French to remove the firing mechanisms off their ships. But the French colony remained loyal to the Vichy regime and in July 1942, the Americans cut all supplies to the Antilles. Orders to scuttle the fleet were given twice but stayed ignored. It's only in July 1943 that the French colony joined the government of Alger and French warships joined the Allied.
#OpCatapultInFocus

SMS Dresden. Revell 1/350, no PE, no metal barrels. Water - Styrofoam and cotton. Real Reichsmark.
#lightcruiser #Dresden #kaisermarine #revell #modelling #scalemodelling #scalefreaks #scalemodelsworld #shipmodel #shipmodelling

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Completed bow of Yahagi in 1/700. Build took me only a few hours, since parts are already painted earlier.

#yahagi #aganoclass #lightcruiser #wwii #wwiijapanese #operationtengo #ijn #imperialjapanesenavy

HMS Belfast is a museum ship, originally a light cruiser built for the Royal Navy, currently permanently moored on the River Thames in London, England, and operated by the Imperial War Museum #hmsbelfast #lightcruiser #towerbridgelondon

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