Kos island has a long and colorful history, with Turkish, Italian, German and British occupations recorded over several hundreds of years, until finally unifying with Greece in 1948. The Italian occupation led to an improved infrastructure and administrative system which had been largely neglected under the Ottoman rule. However, in 1933 there was an earthquake which destroyed many of the buildings that had been constructed by the Italians as well as much of the medieval city of Kos Town. On the plus side, this earthquake uncovered many remains of ancient Kos, with the island having a rich archeological history, and the Italian administration used this natural disaster to create many new neighbourhoods and the renovation of old buildings. Today, the Italian influences are evident, particularly around the harbor area and within Kos Town. There's a certain romantic element to the warm-toned sandstone and limestone coupled with the brilliant purples of the bougainvillea that decorate many of the town's structures.