On December 30, 1896, Dr. Jose Rizal, was shot to death at Bagumbayan (present day Luneta or Rizal park), Manila, by a firing squad of native soldiers, on the accusation of political conspirary and sedition, and rebellion against the Spanish government in the Philippines in connection with the outbreak of the Philippine Revolution of 1896.
In 1901, when the Americans took control of the country, Governor-general William Howard Taft named Rizal as the Philippine National hero. A year later, on February 1, 1902, the Philippine Commission enacted Act No. 345, which made December 30, a public holiday, Dr. Jose P. Rizal day. (FUSILAMIENTO DE JOSE RIZAL EL 30 DE DICIEMBRE, 1896.
Photographic Image by Manuel Arias Rodríguez, Museo de Ejercito, Madrid)
Photo from Wiki Commons