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Après moi, le déluge: After me, the flood.-Louis XV of France. This quote is often used to sum up to stage of France during the reign of Louis XV. However, this quote has two variants. The first one was spoken by Louis, and the second one was spoken by Madame de Pompadour. The meaning of this phrase is up for debate. It could either mean after my death, the nation will fall into chaos, or after my death things will fall apart, but I will do nothing to stop it.
#louisxv #marieleszczynska #marieadelaideofsavoy #louisdukeofburgundy #louisdauphinoffrance #madamedepompadour #madamedubarry #elegant #louismichelvanloo #kingoffrance #france #monarchy #versailles #artwork #18thcentury #1700s #history #art #instaart #portraiture #artoftheday #royalty #paintings #portraits #royals #historicalpaintings #historicalmen #frenchmonarchy #houseofbourbon #frenchroyalsinart

"Maria Luisa de Borbon, Grand Duchess of Toscana” by Anton Raphael Mengs, 1770.

9th December 2017 marks the 266th birthday of Maria Luisa of Parma, Queen consort of Spain by marriage to King Charles IV of Spain. She was the youngest daughter of Philip, Duke of Parma, the fourth son of Philip V of Spain and Princess Louise-Élisabeth of France, the eldest daughter of King Louis XV
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Her parents had been the Duke and Duchess of Parma since 1749, when the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748) awarded the duchy to the House of Bourbon. She, her brother Ferdinand, and her sister Isabella were educated in Parma by Étienne Bonnot de Condillac, a well-known French philosopher.
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In 1762, Maria Luisa became engaged to her cousin Charles, Prince of Asturias, later King Charles IV of Spain. The wedding took place on 4 September 1765 in La Granja Palace.
As there was no queen in Spain at that time, María Luisa became the first lady in precedence at the court from the beginning of her residence there. In 1788, Charles succeeded his father as Charles IV of Spain, making Maria Luisa queen. Maria had a very forceful nature and dominated her husband in their personal and public lives
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María Luisa’s greatest legacy was founding the Order of Queen Maria Luisa in 1792. The order would last throughout the centuries with over 1100 dames. The last dame to be invested was Maria Luisa’s successor, Queen Sofia of Spain. She was invested in 1962 as the 1193rd dame
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#spanishroyals #spanishroyalty #spanishmonarchy #marialuisaofparma #marialouisaofspain #marialuisa #queenofspain #bourbonparma #frenchroyals #frenchroyalty #frenchmonarchy #painting #antonraphaelmengs #oldpainting #queenconsort #italianroyalty #duchyofparma #dukeofparma #houseofbourbon #houseofbourbonparma #womenofhistory #historicalwomen

The birth of Maria Luisa of Parma: 9 December 1751
Born in Parma, she was christened Luisa María Teresa Ana, after her maternal grandparents and her mother's favourite sister, Anne Henriette of France, but is known to history by the short Spanish form of this name: María Luisa.Her parents had been the Duke and Duchess of Parma since 1749.
Her brother Ferdinand, and her sister Isabella were educated in Parma by Étienne Bonnot de Condillac, a well-known French philosopher. Maria Luisa, was not considered as beautiful as her elder sister, but was still attractive, though she was quite short.
María Luisa's mother tried to engage her to Louis, Duke of Burgundy, heir to the French throne. However, the young duke died in 1761. In 1762, Maria Luisa instead became engaged to her cousin Charles, Prince of Asturias, later King Charles IV of Spain. The wedding took place on 4 September 1765 in La Granja Palace. In 1788, her spouse succeeded his father as Charles IV of Spain, making Maria Luisa queen. On the first meeting between Charles IV and his ministers, Maria Luisa was present, a step which attracted attention and which became the rule during the reign of her spouse. Later in her husband reign
She was unpopular because her poor historical reputation being attributed to her support of pro-French political policies that were not deemed beneficial for Spain in the long term.
In 1808, Charles IV abdicated the throne due to pressure from Napoleon I. Maria Luisa followed him en exile in France and Italy. When Napoleon's army invaded the country, several pamphlets blamed her for the abdication. María Luisa spent some years in France and then in Rome. Both María Luisa and her husband died in Italy in early 1819.
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#marialuisaofparma #queenofspain #parmaitaly #spain #charlesivofspain #napeoleon #princess #france #houseofbourbon #isabellaofparma

The House of France (Louis XX, Bourbon)👑 #houseofbourbon #royalpretenders #royal claimants #royalheirs kingoffrance #bourbonorleans #europeanroyalty #kinglouis #countofparis

C'est légal parce que je le souhaite, It is legal because I wish it.- Louis XIV of France. Perhaps it is the quote that most describes Louis’ attitude towards ruling. Following Cardinal Mazarin’s death in 1661, Louis did the unthinkable: he decided to consolidate royal authority for himself. In an essence, Louis single handily altered the course of French history. The absolute monarchy he started would prove interesting for his successors to maintain.
#louisxiv #hyacintherigaud #cardinalmazarin #kingsoffrance #mariatheresaofspain #portraiture #thesunking #splendour #houseofbourbon #kings #1700s #absolutism #fleurdelys #17thcentury #monarchy #france #history #paintings #portrait #art #artwork #historicalmen #french #frenchroyalty #historicalpaintings #artoftheday #versailles #portraiture #palaceofversailles #frenchroyalsinart

Marie-Thérèse Charlotte of France Duchess d'Angouleme portrait by Antoine-Jean Gros (1817)
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#princessoffrance #queenoffrance #1800 #marieantoinette #marietherese #louisxvi #houseofbourbon #mariatheresia #france #austria #duchessofangouleme

En av dom 10 största whiskey barerna i världen. Ett helt fantastiskt bemötande; gillar absolut inte whiskey, men har blivit övertygad av en Michters small batch och en 1849 Fitzgeralds, att Bourbon kan slå rom och cognac med råge!! #saddlesabre #houseofbourbon #såvardetklartikväll #bourbun #whiskey #liquors #stockholm #sweden #bar #interior

25 November 2017 marked the 408th birthday of Henrietta Maria of France who was queen consort of England, Scotland, and Ireland as the wife of King Charles I. She was the daughter of King Henry IV of France and Princess Marie de’ Medici. She was the mother of two kings, Charles II and James II of England
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She was named after both her parents and was a Roman Catholic. At age less than a year old, her father was assassinated and her elder half-brother, Louis, became king. Later, she was given the extremely prestigious title of Madame Royale and took part in court festivities. Henrietta was not known for her academic skill but she was considered very pretty as a child. Henrietta Maria and Charles I of England were married on 13 June 1625, during a brief period in which England's pro-Spanish policy was replaced by a pro-French policy
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After an initially difficult period, she and Charles formed an extremely close partnership and were devoted to each other. Henrietta Maria never fully assimilated herself into English society; she did not speak English before her marriage, and as late as the 1640s had difficulty writing or speaking the language
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Her Roman Catholicism made her unpopular in England, and also prohibited her from being crowned in an Anglican service; therefore she never had a coronation. She began to involve herself in national affairs as civil war became apparent, and was told to seek refuge in France in 1644, following the birth of her youngest daughter, Henrietta, during the height of the First English Civil War. The execution of her husband in 1649 left her impoverished. She settled in Paris, and then returned to England after the Restoration of her eldest son, Charles, to the throne. In 1665, she moved back to Paris, where she died four years later
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The North American Province of Maryland was named in her honour, and the name was carried over into the current U.S. state of Maryland
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#henriettamaria #henriettamariaoffrance #henryivoffrance #mariedemedici #madameroyale #fillsdefrance #queenofengland #queenofscotland #queenofireland #englishroyalty #britishroyalty #britishroyals #britishmonarchy #frenchroyalty #houseofbourbon #houseofstuart

On This Day In History
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25th November 1609
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👑 Henrietta Maria of France was born.
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About Henrietta;
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◾ Henrietta Maria of France was queen consort of England, Scotland, & Ireland as the wife of King Charles I.
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◾ She was mother of his two immediate successors, Charles II & James II. She was the fourth daughter of King Henry IV of France & his second wife Marie de' Medici.
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◾ She was born at the Palais du Louvre on 25 November 1609. As daughter of the Bourbon king of France, she was a Fille de France and a member of the House of Bourbon.
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◾ She was the youngest sister of the future King Louis XIII of France. Her father was assassinated on 14 May 1610, in Paris, before she was a year old.
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◾ Henrietta Maria & Charles I of England were married on 13 June 1625, during a brief period in which England's pro-Spanish policy was replaced by a pro-French policy.
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◾ Her Catholic religion made her unpopular in England, & also prohibited her from being crowned in an Anglican service; therefore she never had a coronation. She began to immerse herself in national affairs as civil war loomed on the horizon, & was compelled to seek refuge in France in 1644, following the birth of her youngest daughter, Henrietta, during the height of the First English Civil War.
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◾ The execution of King Charles in 1649 left her impoverished. She settled in Paris, & then returned to England after the Restoration of her eldest son, Charles (CharlesII), to the throne.
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◾ In 1665, she moved back to Paris, where she died four years later on 10 September 1669.
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◾ The North American Province of Maryland was named in her honour, and the name was carried over into the current US state of Maryland.
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#OnThisDayInHistory #TheYear1609 #HenriettaMariaofFrance #HenrietteMarie #HouseofBourbon #Royalty #Monarchy #HouseofStuart #CharlesI #QueenConsort #France #England #Englishmonarchy #History #RoyaltyinArt #Art #BritishMonarchy #D25Nov

Louis Jean de Bourbon, le Duc de Penthievre (grandson of Louis XIV) and his daughter Marie-Adelaide, la Duchesse d'Orleans #houseofbourbon #bourbons #louisxiv #louisxv #houseoforleans #ducdepenthièvre #duchessedorleans #philippeegalite #ancienregime #courdefrance #aristocracy #illegitimate #history #frenchhistory histoiredefrance #courdefrance #painting #portrait #rambouillet #royalfamily

Powerful women of the 16th century (8/10) - Louise of Savoy was a French noble and regent, Duchess Suo Jure of Auvergne and Bourbon , Duchess Of Nemours, and the mother of King Francis I Of France , she was politically active and served as the regent of France in 1515, 1525-1526 and in 1529. Louise of Savoy was politically active on behalf of her son especially in the early years of his reign and during his absences she negotiated many treaties including treaties with the Holy Roman Empire and the Ottoman Empire. She died on the 22nd November 1531, according to legend she felt a chill while watching a comet , she is the ancestor of the Bourbon Kings of France through her daughter and grand-daughter. #savoy #louiseofsavoy #duchess #regent #regentoffrance #france #duchessofanjou #francisioffrance #houseofbourbon #bourbon #king #kingoffrance #bourbonkings #navarre

On this day in 1755 - Birth of Marie Antoinette, last Queen of France before the French Revolution. Born Maria Antonia Josepha Johanna at the Hofburg Palace in Vienna, she was an Archduchess of Austria and the youngest daughter of Empress Maria Theresa, ruler of the Habsburg Empire, and her husband Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor. #rip #MarieAntoinette #Queen #France #Archduchess #18thcentury #HouseOfHabsburgLorraine #HouseofBourbon #royalty #FrenchRevolution #history

L’Etat, c’est moi #LouisXIV #SunKing #HouseofBourbon

Marie Adelaide de France was the most beautiful daughter of Louis XV of France.

She never married, as she declined all the marriage proposals from the candidates who weren't the heirs to the throne.

Surviving through the French Revolution and having escaped the Terror, she outlived all of her siblings and died in Trieste in 1800.

On the portrait Madame Adelaide is 24 years old, wearing a rich royal garment in rococo style.

Artist Jean-Marc Nattier was very popular at the royal court for his images of elegant beauties, which skillfully combined resemblance and flattery.

Madame Adelaide de France Tying Knots, 1756, Versailles ☛ @chateauversailles, France
#art #beauty #classicart #classicbeauty #classicartbeauty #portrait #royalportrait #18c #18cart #frenchart #frenchcourt #versailles #chateauversailles #portraitofalady #adelaidedefrance #jeanmarcnattier #bourbons #houseofbourbon #rococo #1756 #LouisXV

历史上的今天
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1887年10月24日
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巴腾堡公主维多利亚·尤金妮亚 (艾娜), 后来的西班牙王后出生了
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关于维多利亚·尤金妮亚 (第一部分);
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◼ 维多利亚·尤金妮亚出生于苏格兰的巴尔莫勒尔堡。她的父亲是巴腾堡的亨利王子, 母亲是比阿特丽斯公主——维多利亚女王和撒切尔·科堡哥达的阿尔伯特亲王的第五个女儿、最小的孩子。
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◼ 她的名字是祖母给起的, 她的教母, 法国尤金妮皇后, 出生在西班牙, 是前法国皇帝拿破仑三世的遗孀, 曾流亡英国。她以尾名艾娜被家人和英国人民熟知。
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◼ 维多利亚·尤金妮亚在维多利亚女王的家中长大, 因为英国君主勉为其难地同意了比阿特丽斯的婚姻, 条件是她仍然是她母亲的全职伴侣和私人秘书。也因此, 她在怀特岛的温莎城堡,巴尔莫勒尔和奥斯本之家度过了童年。 1893年7月6日, 她在表兄约克公爵(后来的国王乔治五世)和公爵夫人的婚礼上担任伴娘。
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#onthisdayinhistory #thisdayinhistory #theyear1887 #d24 oct #QueenofSpain #VictoriaEugenieofBattenberg #houseofbattenberg #history #houseofbourbon #BritishMonarchy

#4ESO A los pocos años de comenzar su reinado, #CarlosIII padeció una serie de revueltas (de 36 ciudades en total) que terminaban con el clima de tranquilidad con el que se había vivido. En #Madrid las revueltas comenzaron tras la firma de un #decreto por parte del marqués de #Esquilache. Este documento ordenaba cumplir una vieja ley que prohibía a los hombres llevar capas largas y sombreros anchos y redondos. En su lugar, se proponían las capas cortas y sombreros de tres picos para evitar el #anonimato (con capa y sombrero ancho no veía el rostro de los hombres). La #PlazaMayor de Madrid será el escenario de la primera revuelta que reunió a unas cinco mil personas que terminaron por enfrentarse con la #GuardiaValona (tropas extranjeras). Hubo muertos por ambas partes. Ante lo que estaba ocurriendo, Carlos III reunió a una serie de consejeros y, tras escucharles, salió al #balcón para escuchar las #reivindicaciones del pueblo. Carlos III terminó por aceptar: cesó a los gobernantes extranjeros (Esquilache era italiano), suprimió la Guardia Valona y rebajó el precio de los alimentos básicos. #ModernAge #HouseOfBourbon

On This Day In History
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24 October 1887
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Princess Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg (Ena), later Queen of Spain was born
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About Victoria Eugenie (1.);
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◼ Victoria Eugenie was born at Balmoral Castle, in Scotland. Her father was Prince Henry of Battenberg & her mother was Princess Beatrice, the fifth daughter & youngest child of Queen Victoria & Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.
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◼  She was named for her grandmother, and for her godmother, Empress Eugénie of the French, the Spanish-born widow of the former Emperor of the French Napoleon III, who lived in exile in the United Kingdom. To her family, and the British general public, she was known by the last of her names, as Ena.
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◼ Victoria Eugenie grew up in Queen Victoria's household, as the British monarch had reluctantly allowed Beatrice to marry on the condition that she remain her mother's full-time companion & personal secretary. Therefore, she spent her childhood at Windsor Castle, Balmoral, & Osborne House on the Isle of Wight. She was a bridesmaid at the wedding of her cousins, the Duke (later King George V) & Duchess of York on 6 July 1893.
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#onthisdayinhistory #thisdayinhistory #theyear1887 #d24 oct #QueenofSpain #VictoriaEugenieofBattenberg #houseofbattenberg #history #houseofbourbon #BritishMonarchy

This photograph shows the wedding of Archduke Karl of Austria and Princess Zita of Bourbon-Parma which took place on 21 Octorber, 1911
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The wedding took place in Schwarzau Palace. Much of royal europe was invited with some of the most notable attendees being Franz Josef I, Emperor of Austria and Infanta Maria Theresa of Portugal, the groom’s step grandmother. Karl and Zita were very much in love with each other and had a lasting marriage which resulted in eight children
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The couple would be the last Emperor and Empress of Austria which ended with Karl’s abdication and their exile to the island of Madeira. Both Karl was recognized as “Blessed” and were beatified by the Roman Catholic Church while Zita has the title of “Servant of God”
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#photograph #1910s #zitaofbourbonparma #bourbonparma #houseofbourbon #houseofbourbonparma #houseofhabsburg #habsburg #austrianroyalty #austrianmonarchy #austrianempire #austrohungarian #emperorofaustria #kingofhungary #empressofaustria #queenofhungary #charlesiofaustria #karliofaustria #europeanroyalty #royaleurope #franzjosef #franzjosephiofaustria #royalwedding #ottoofaustria #frenchroyalty #italianroyalty #womenofhistory #historicalwomen #historicalmen #menofhistory

Marie-Thérèse-Louise de Savoie reading to Marie Antoinette and Marie Thérèse of France. Before the Duchess of Polignac came onto the scene, Marie-Antoinette's favourite was Marie-Thérèse, Princess of Lamballe. The Princess and the Queen were rather close, so close that anti-monarchists portrayed them as lovers. She never wavered in her support to Marie-Antoinette. During the royal family's stay at the Tuileries Palace, Marie-Thérèse remained present at court. Although previously not one for parties due to her shy nature, she began hosting them, in hopes of persuading wealthy nobles to support the royalist cause. Even after a majority of Marie-Antoinette's friends fled France for safety, the Princess stayed; despite the Queen saying she should go. This devotion to the Queen would cause Marie-Thérèse to meet her untimely demise. In 1792, she was sent to prison. There, she was killed by a mob in September. Following her death, they cut off her head and paraded it around on a pike for all to see.
#mariethereselouisedesavoy #marieantoinette #louisxvi #frenchrevolution #mariethereseoffrance #princessoflamballe #nobility #houseofbourbon #1700s #mariatheresaofaustria #womenofthepast #18thcentury #monarchy #france #history #paintings #portrait #art #artwork #historicalwomen #france #french #historicalpaintings #artoftheday #versailles #portraiture #chateaudeversailles #tuileriespalace

My family survived the Reign of Terror by hiding in the womb. Upon appeal accepted, we would be called to restore the French throne. I discovered this truth in documentation. Therefore, it is my right to accept my position as the families King.

#KingChristianElCapitaineOfFrance #HouseOfBourbon #HouseOfBourbonsKing

Un 17 de octubre, de 1904, murió María de las Mercedes, hermana del rey Alfonso XIII de España. Nacida en 1880, Mercedes ocupó un puesto importante en la corona española: fue infanta heredera hasta el nacimiento de su hermano y luego Princesa de Asturias. En 1901 contrajo matrimonio con el príncipe Carlos de Borbón. En octubre de 1904, tras el parto de su hija Isabel Alfonsa, una peritonitis la llevó a la muerte a los 24 años. "Los últimos instantes de María de las Mercedes fueron angustiosos. -escribe el biógrafo real José María Zavala-. Por si fuera poco, el segundogénito de la infanta, Fernando, falleció también a los dos años de edad. Cuando el marqués de Casa Irujo anunció a la familia que iban a administrar a la infanta los últimos sacramentos, el 17 de octubre, todos sus miembros redoblaron las oraciones. Poco después, la moribunda intentó gritar, pero no pudo: «¡Ay, que me ahogo!», suspiró. La intensa agonía duró alrededor de seis minutos. La reina madre y el esposo permanecían arrodillados junto a la cama, como dos estatuas de sal (...) El peor momento, a juicio de uno de los testigos, fue cuando trajeron al infantito Alfonso para que besara la mano de su madre muerta. El rey Alfonso XIII, de diecisiete años, no lo pudo resistir y abandonó precipitadamente el cuarto". #secretoscortesanos #españa #spain #infantadeespaña #casareal #monarquiaespañola #casadeborbon #historia #realeza #monarquia #realezaeuropea #royals #royalty #houseofbourbon #spanishroyalty

On this day in 1793, Marie-Antoinette was executed by guillotine. In October 1793, Marie was placed on trial by the Revolutionary Tribunal. The charges against her included: sending money from the French treasury to Austria, and committing incest with her son. Despite the lack of evidence, Marie-Antoinette was condemned to death on October 16, 1793. On the day of her execution she wore a plain white dress, as she was not allowed to wear black, and was taken to the guillotine in an open cart; her husband had been taken in a closed carriage. She kept her composure despite the shouts from the crowd. She was accompanied by a priest, but she refused to acknowledge him. Upon stepping up to the platform she stepped on the executioners foot, which lead to her final words: "Pardon me, sir, I meant not to do it." or in French, "Pardon moi, monsieur, je voulais ne pas le faire."
#marieantoinette #louisxvi #todayinhistory #mariethereseoffrance #queenoffrance #royalty #austria #houseofbourbon #1700s #mariatheresaofaustria #womenofthepast #18thcentury #monarchy #france #history #paintings #portrait #art #artwork #historicalwomen #france #french #historicalpaintings #artoftheday #versailles #portraiture #chateaudeversailles

Las infantas españolas nunca se caracterizaron por su belleza gracias a esa manía dinástica de casarse entre parientes muy cercanos. Doña María Josefa Carmela de Borbón (1744-1801) -“Pepa”, para los amigos- no tuvo suerte: era muy fea, pero tampoco tuvo el don de la simpatía ni el de la inteligencia. El padre Coloma, de la corte de Carlos III, la recordó así: "A los veintinueve años, su ridícula figura, pequeña, fea y contrahecha, había hecho imposible encontrarle un marido que la igualase en rango. Escudada tras su fealdad, la infanta Josefa vivió y murió soltera, sin que amigos ni enemigos turbasen la paz de su insignificancia". Por si ello fuera poco, Doña Pepa tenía un problema óseo que la llevaba a romperse los huesos con facilidad, entre grandes escándalos, por lo que se la bautizó "la infanta de los huesos frágiles". #secretoscortesanos #españa #spain #infantadeespaña #casareal #monarquiaespañola #casadeborbon #historia #realeza #monarquia #realezaeuropea #royals #royalty #houseofbourbon #spanishroyalty

Henrietta of England was an English Princess and later Duchess of Orléans. As the youngest daughter of King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland and his wife, Henrietta Maria of France, she was a member of the House of Stuart which ruled the British Isles
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She had a rocky childhood,fleeing England with her governess at the age of three due to political turmoil in her country. She moved to the court of her first cousin Louis XIV of France, where she was known as Minette. After she married Philippe of France, brother of King Louis XIV, known as Monsieur at court, she became known as Madame. Her marriage was marked by frequent tensions due to Philippe’s alleged bisexuality and infidelity
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Henrietta was instrumental in negotiating the Secret Treaty of Dover, in June 1670 – early in the same month as her unexpected death. The treaty states that Charles II of England, her brother, was to abandon the Triple Alliance with Sweden and The Netherlands and aide Louis XVI in conquering the Dutch Republic. The Jacobite claims to the throne of Great Britain following the death of Henry Benedict Stuart descend from her through her daughter Anne Marie, Queen of Sardinia and eventually to Anne Marie’s descendants, the Savoys
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#henrietteanne #henrietteannestuart #houseofstuart #stuart #houseoforleans #orleans #bourbon #houseofbourbon #britishroyalty #britishmonarchy #britishroyals #britishroyalfamily #frenchroyalty #frenchroyals #frenchmonarchy #duchessoforleans #princessofengland #henriettamariaoffrance #charlesii #historicalwomen #womenofhistory #europeanroyalty

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