All the disparate parts are starting to come together (though obviously a lot of smoothing out cracks between them). Here after getting the damage reports on the systems, I select the Pilot and then the Pilot Ship command. That brings up the Galaxy Map screen with the adjacent sectors highlighted. I pick where we're headed (even though I have no idea what's waiting for us there...) and off we go.
The map pops back up later to show the ship's movement when executing the command.