The Battle of Chaeronea was fought on August 2nd, 338 BC, near the Greek city of Chaeronea in Boeotia, between the Macedonians under the command of King Philip II and his son Alexander (About 32,000 soldiers) and an alliance of some of the Greek city states led by Thebes and Athens (About 35,000 soldiers). After the general engagement had been going on for some time, Philip had his side of the army perform a wheeling manoeuver, with the right wing withdrawing, and the whole line pivoting around its centre. But at the same time, the Macedonian left wing attacked the Thebans on the Greek right and punched a hole in the Greek line. On the Greek left, the Athenians took the bait and followed Philip, making their line become stretched and disordered. The Macedonians then turned around, attacked and routed the tired and inexperienced Athenians. The Greek right wing, under the assault of the Macedonian troops under Alexander's command, then also routed, ending the battle. The battle was the climax of Philip's campaign in Greece and was a decisive victory for the Macedonians. The battle has been described as one of the most decisive of the ancient world. The forces of Athens and Thebes were destroyed, and ending the war. Philip was able to establish total control upon Greece, with the exception of Sparta. An advance Macedonian force was sent to Persia later in early 336 BC, with Philip due to follow later in the year. But, before he could go, Philip was assassinated by one of his bodyguards. Alexander then became the King of Macedon, and in a series of campaigns spanning from 334 to 323 BC, he conquered the whole Persian Empire. He would be later known to us as Alexander the Great.