Less known languages and writing systems are prone to abuse for personal exposure and nationalism. Whenever academics haven't been able to provide a definite decipherment or when there is a lack of data/cosensus, some individuals take advantage of the opportunity to spread their message. Usually, those are far from experts and it is often enough with a wikipedia lookup to uncover the fraud. Sometimes though, information is hidden behind private libraries/paywalls making it hard for common people to make their source criticism. What you can do in those cases is to look for irregularities in the proposed decipherment/reading/cognates. Usually, the fraudsters will create a model that is adjusted to their desired result. Sounds and symbols will be changed to make words look like words in another language, ignoring totally the fact that #languages have a regular #phonology. To give an example of what that practically means: If a word in a language A containing the sound /d/ has a cognate in language B where /d/ changes to /t/, then you will expect this to be true for all cognates. e.g. for a Greek /φ/ you would expect an Armenian /b/ -> Gk. φέρ- 'to bring' ~ Arm. ber-, Gk. φαγ- 'to eat' ~ Arm. boyc 'food'. If that is not demonstrated, then the sound change is irregular and the "cognates" proposed are probably false. .
#Etruscan, #Sumerian and other isolated languages are often subject to such attempts. On the picture you see a stele inscribed with #hieroglyphic #Luwian, a writing system few people can read. Thankfully, H. Luwian is not subject to such attempts. Having that said, it doesn't mean that a different opinion should be dismissed, provided that it follows #scientific methods. Remember that Michael Ventris who deciphered Linear B, was not a #linguist.
#history #archaeology #linguistics #historicallinguistics #palaeography #inscription #historyofwriting #ancient #ancientworld #ancienthistory #anatolian #folketymology