#historicallinguistics

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What else would you eat before the second last exam of your double degree? (Not pictured is an AMAZING brownie) 🥪📚📝

#Inscription from the temple of #Artemis at #Sardis. It is one of the best preserved #inscriptions and one of the most important documents in the #Lydian #alphabet, dated to the 6th century BCE. The text starts from right to left with the sentence "est mrud Sfardend fahniriz Mlimnas" / "this is the monument of the Sardian citizen Mlimna". It might be a judicial document related to the transfer of goods from Mlimna to the #sanctuary of Artemis.

#history #ancienthistory #archaeology #archaeologist #lydianlanguage #lydia #anatolianlanguages #linguistics #historicallinguistics #palaeography #ancientworld #asiaminor #anatolia #ancientcivilization

#Side was an #ancient #Greek city founded by #Aeolian settlers from Cyme, in the region of Asia Minor known as #Pamphylia. Aside the obscure Pamphylian Greek dialect, #Sidetic was spoken. Sidetic was a western #Anatolian #language distinct from #Luwian that had its own alphabetic script runing from right to left. The available material is very scarce and not easy to understand. In the above inscription which is a billingual, the Sidetic text reads:
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1 de aθono artmon θanpiys
2 malya das
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1 For Athon Artmon (son) of Thanpi
2 dedicated (this) to Malya (Athena)
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#history #archaeology #historicallinguistics #palaeography #linguistics #ancienthistory #archaeologist #ancientworld #asiaminor #anatolia #inscription #alphabet

The defixiones (Latin 'curse tablets') or katadesmoi (Greek 'binding spells') where thin sheets of lead #inscribed with #curses or #magical phrases. They were rolled up in cylindes and placed in the sanctuaries of these gods or tossed into wells. More frequently they were placed in tombs. The tablets were used to ask the gods, place #spirits, or the deceased to perform an action on a person or object, or otherwise compel the subject of the curse. Since those are private documents, they have been of great value for the study of local #speech. For example, the longest Macedonian text known is the Pella #katadesmos, an invaluable #curse tablet for #linguists. This one depicted above is from Oraiokastro in #Thessaloniki. Dated to the 4th centruy BCE the text reads "...Diogenes, Kriton, Menon, Epandros ... bind their tongue and speech". Looks like someone has been gossiping... #history #archaeology #archaeologist #linguistics #historicallinguistics #palaeography #ancient #ancientworld #macedon #ancienthistory #writing #greek #greekhistory #inscription #ancientgreece

Before leaving the library, I drew a sketch of an under grad student who's taking a break from his study 😅🤫 (nah he kept moving)
#inktober2018 #inktoberday18 #atthelibrary #boredoms #needabreak #exams #doodles #shittysketch #studentlife #historicallinguistics #drawinghobby #phdcomics

I godt selskab blandt arkæologer og lingvister i Novo Mesto, Slovenien #historicallinguistics #celtsandgermans #popupconference

During the written history of the Etruscan language, a phenomenon called syncope has been noticed. Syncope is the loss of an unstressed vowel (or sometimes a consonant) within a word.
This is evident when comparing archaic and neo-Etruscan e.g. Rasenna -> Rasna, spuriena -> spurina, laricena -> larcna, elacsantre -> elcsntre, ecan -> cn and so on. This development strongly suggests that there was a stress accent on the initial syllabes, e.g. Rá-senna, lá-ricena, é-lacsantre.

#history #historicallinguistics #linguistics #etruscan #etruscanlangauge #ancientlanguages #ancientworld #deadlanguages #languagesofitaly #archaeology #archaeologist #ancient #phonology #ancientitaly

Happening THIS Saturday in #Carbondale, in case you forgot!!! We invite you and your friends to this fun event: Pizza Party on the Lake 😊. Come enjoy food, fun, and friends by lakeside scenery and...do it all for FREE!
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Additonally, there will be plenty of socializing, games, and even boats available (if weather permits). We hope to see you there, but even if you cannot make it, be sure to share with your friends. It is going to be awesome! 😎🕺🏽🤗
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#SIU #ThisIsSIU #Linguistic #appliedlinguistics #languages #linguisticskills #historicallinguistics #education #linguisticstudent #psycholinguistics #linguisticsmajor
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#Pizza #Party #Lake #Side #Nature #Outdoors #Fun #Food #Friends #Free #pizzaparty #nature #lakes #lakeside #lakeview #lakefront #photooftheday #Carbondaleillinois #HappeningInCarbondale

#Bees were the most beloved #insect of the #ancient #Greek and #Minoan world. Their importance for life is seen in the myth where baby Zeus is being fed #honey by #Melissa (bee). Alexander the great's body is said to have been submerged in honey in order to be preserved. Honey and bees were nevertheless important in the whole mediterranean and the near east. #Anatolian bees where known to be the most productive and were exported to both #Assyria and #Palestine. One particular Anatolian honey has been historically distinct. Today, it is know as Deli Bal (Turkish for "crazy honey") and it's first recorded in Xenophon Anabasis: "the soldiers who ate of the honey all went off their heads, and suffered from vomiting and diarrhoea, and not one of them could stand up, but those who had eaten a little were like people exceedingly drunk, while those who had eaten a great deal seemed like crazy, or even, in some cases, dying men". These effects are a result of toxines found in the rhododendron flower that is pollinated by bees in the black sea region of Turkey. In Egypt honey production had reached an industrial scale with reports of a single beekeeper possesing over 5000 beehives. .
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Honey in Greek is called μέλι (meli, melissa/melitta 'bee') and is attested in Mycenaean Linear B tablets. In Anatolia the same word is found in Palaic ma-li-ta and Luwian melit-/mallit-. All attestations reflect the Proto-Indo-European word for honey *mélit.
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In the first picture you see a Minoan masterpiece with two bees carrying a drop of honey (~1800BCE). In the second picture you see an Ephesian tetradrachm (5th century BCE). In the third picture you see a reconstruction of an ancient Greek #beehive.
#history #archaeology #archaeologist #linguistics #historicallinguistics #palaeography #ancientworld

Love this #HarryPotter poster at #SalukiComicCon2018! Come out tomorrow to post with your favorite posters and there's even an official photo booth going on as well. Hope to see you @ #SIU tomorrow for the activities 😊.
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#SIU #ThisIsSIU #Linguistic #appliedlinguistics #languages #linguisticskills #historicallinguistics #education #linguisticstudent #psycholinguistics #Linguisticsmajor #Carbondale #Carbondaleillinoisui
#comiccon #cosplay #cosplayer #marvel #comics #cosplayers #dccomics #comicconvention #comiccons

Mark your calanders for October 6th!!! We invite you and your friends to this fun event: Pizza Party on the Lake 😊. Come enjoy food, fun, and friends by lakeside scenery and...do it all for FREE!
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Additonally, there will be plenty of socializing, games, and even boats available (if weather permits). We hope to see you there, but even if you cannot make it, be sure to share with your friends. It is going to be awesome 😎🕺🏽🤗
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#SIU #ThisIsSIU #Linguistic #appliedlinguistics #languages #linguisticskills #historicallinguistics #education #linguisticstudent #psycholinguistics #linguisticsmajor
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#Pizza #Party #Lake #Side #Nature #Outdoors #Fun #Food #Friends #Free #pizzaparty #nature #lakes #lakeside #lakeview #lakefront #photooftheday #Carbondale #Carbondaleillinois

The #amazons were a #mythic group of all-female #warriors, whose homeland according to #Greek #mythology is located at the mouth of the river Thermodon in northern Asia Minor (Hdt. 9.27; Diod. Sic. 2.44–6). They are also found near the lower and middle Don (Tanais), a region that has produced numerous related archaeological finds. In later versions of the myth, they are described as descendants of a nomadic tribe whose male members were killed by their own wives (Iust. 2,4; Diod. Sic. 2,44). In order to multiply they were mating with men of neighbouring tribes (Str. 11,5,1), keeping only the female offsprings.
Their origins remain unknown. According to Herodotos, the #Scythians called them Oiorpata which meant 'men-killers' (#Avestan vīra-, Latin vir 'man' and #Persian pat, Sogdian pt-, Greek πατασσω 'to kill, to beat, to strike'). Their name 'amazons' has been derived, in a folk #etymology from the Greek term a-mazos (a- 'without', mastos 'breast') and is associated with the custom of removing the right breasts of young girls to facilitate the handling of weapons such as bows. Its derivation from Old Iranian *maz- (combat), producing a folkname *ha-maz-an “fighting together or warrior” has also been criticized. The possibility of an non-Indo-European source is high.
Attic vases from 6th and 5th century BCE, depict Amazons labelled with Greek text that does not render Greek. An example is an #Amazon called Pkpupês, a word containing a rare consonant cluster found only in a handful languages around the world. In #Circassian, a north Caucasian #language, this would mean something like "Worthy of armor". On another vase depicting an Amazon (or Scythian) the character is labelled Serague, which would mean "wearing/armed with a sword" in Circassian. Amazons with Indo-#Iranic names appear as well, for example Varkida which could mean 'princess/nobble kinswoman' < PIE *wal 'to rule, to be strong'. The #word is also an explicit loan in Circassian, namely warγ. Nevertheless, those suggestions have not been conclusive either.
#history #archaeology #archaeologist #historical #linguistics #historicallinguistics #asiaminor #palaeography

I bought these two guys today and I call it life balance ✌️😅
#book #textbook #sketchbook #mynewbook #gradschoollife #lifebalance #uhmanoa #linguistics #historicallinguistics

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