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Mansa Musa, fourteenth century emperor of the Mali Empire, is the medieval African ruler most known to the world outside Africa.  His elaborate pilgrimage to the Muslim holy city of Mecca in 1324 introduced him to rulers in the Middle East and in Europe.  His leadership of Mali, a state which stretched across two thousand miles from the Atlantic Ocean to Lake Chad and which included all or parts of the modern nations of Mauritania, Senegal, Gambia, Guinea, Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, and Chad, ensured decades of peace and prosperity in Western Africa.
In 1312 Musa became emperor following the death of his predecessor, Abu-Bakr II.  When he was crowned, he was given the name Mansa meaning king.  Mansa Musa was knowledgeable in Arabic and was described as a Muslim traditionalist.  He became the first Muslim ruler in West Africa to make the nearly four thousand mile journey to Mecca.  Preparing for the expedition took years and involved the work of artisans in numerous towns and cities across Mali.  In 1324 Musa began his pilgrimage with a entourage of thousands of escorts.  He also brought considerable amounts of gold, some of which was distributed along the journey.
Accompanied by thousands of richly dressed servants and supporters Musa made generous donations to the poor and to charitable organizations as well as the rulers of the lands his entourage crossed. On his stop in Cairo, Egypt, the Emperor gave out so much gold that he generated a brief decline in its value. Cairo’s gold market recovered over a decade later.
Upon his return from Mecca, Mansa Musa brought Arabscholars, government bureaucrats, and architects.  Among those who returned with him was the architect Ishaq El Teudjin who introduced advanced building techniques to Mali.  He designed numerous buildings for the Emperor including a new palace named Madagou, the mosque at Gao, the second largest city in Mali, and the still-standing great mosque at Timbuktu, the largest city in the empire. That mosque was named the Djinguereber. El Teudjin’s most famous design was the Emperor’s chamber at the Malian capital of Niani.

#king #ruler #emperor #royalty #conqueror #headofstate #mali

"ILLINOIS! ILLINOIS!" #headofstate

Following the footsteps of his Party Chief, and the newly elected Prime Minister Imran Khan, Arif Alvi – Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf’s nominee for the office of President, has announced to live in the Parliament Lodges if he’s elected as the head of state.
#footsteps #party #political #chief #elected #primeminister #imrankhanofficial #tehreek_e_insaf #pti #parliamenthouse #parliamentlodges #announcement #elections2018 #lodges #headofstate #nominee #arifalvi #punjab

🕊19AUG1969--15MARCH2011🕊
Happy Heavenly Birthday Nate Dogg 🕊🎉🎈
#natedogg #happyheavenlybirthday #hbd
#headofstate #movie #chrisrock

It gives me great honor...to accept the parties nomination for
President of the United States...of America...
#chrisrock #robingivens #headofstate #presidentoftheunitedstates #suckstobeyou #security! #bitchesbelike #gether #period #lol
#entertained 😇😎☺️💯🇺🇸✌🏾

#sheready
Sir Christopher Geidt, the Queen's long-time #privatesecretary, resigned from his position in July 2017 and was #replaced by his deputy, Edward Young. So it's likely Young will now be the first #official to receive the news—a prime example of how the plan is constantly needing to be updated.
From there, it's reported that, "the Foreign Office’s #GlobalResponseCentre will alert the 15 #governments outside the U.K. where the Queen is also the #headofstate, and the 36 other #nations of the #Commonwealth for whom she has served as a symbolic #figurehead." And all of this will quickly happen before the news is delivered to the media.

Happy birthday in remembrance to the late great Reg E. Cathy, the accomplished and prolific character actor known for his stellar screen presence and deep, rich voice. We may have lost him earlier this year, but we still continue have fond memories of his terrific performances and the mark ge left on both film and television. Here he is pictured in a collage of stills from What About Bob, The Mask, Tank Girl, The Wire, Pootie Tang as Dirty Dee, House of Cards, 2015's Fantastic Four and Marvel's Luke Cage as the title character's father. Today he would have been 60. #regecathey #greatactors #funnyfarm #bornonthefourthofjuly #whataboutbob #themask #se7en #tankgirl #ozhbo #thecorner #americanpsycho #thewire #pootietang #headofstate #swatmovie #stvincent #fant4stic #lukecagenetflix

Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee Ji
A great son of the motherland, true statesman, a politician who was selfless as one can be, a fearless leader for the foreign threats and a true inspiration for all of us who kept India’s interest before personal & professional life.
India lost a great leader, a leader who is in the league of Dr APJ Abdul Kalam Ji & Smt Indira Gandhi Ji
If any PM who has left an everlasting image of his true leadership while I was growing it has to be Mr Vajpayee. It’s indeed a great loss for all of us. I Hope India achieve the very greatness that Vajpayee Ji dreamt for us and we all should work hard to fulfil his dreams to reality in our respective professional areas.
My sincere condolences to Vajpayee Ji’s family, friends & all admirers
He will always live in our hearts and his legacy will always continue. Jai Hind 🇮🇳
R.I.P Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee #Leader #Legacy #Legend #India #PM #headofstate #inspiration #atalbiharivajpayee #statesman

Head Of State
Ft: Chris Rock and Bernie Mac
#DVD #HeadOfState #CeCeCinema #moviecollector #moviecollection #comedy

“Remembering Bernie Mac Scavenger Hunt”
Desi Banks Clue #6 (due to technical difficulties we weren’t able to post this video during the actual event but now we can)

The answer is....Mitch Gilliam from the movie Head of State! Released in 2003 this Comedy was written and directed by Bernie’s dear friend Chris Rock.

#berniemac #desibanks #clue6 #icon #legend #rememberingberniemacscavengerhunt #answers #headofstate #chrisrock #comedy #film @iamdesibanks

After a bad day at work d gym made my day #HeAdOfStAte #BoDyBuILDiNgEnGiNeEr

"May she defend our laws, and ever give us cause, to sing with heart and voice; God save the Queen!" Swearing Her dedication to Her country, to Her people over seas, and The Commonwealth as a whole. We are privileged and honoured to have her as our Queen. God save the Queen of Canada
#Canada #godsavethequeen #queenelizabrth #queen #queenelizabethii #godsaveourqueen #godsaveourgraciousqueen #longlivethequeen #elizabeththegreat #godsavethequeenofcanada #Ontario #truenorth #themapleleafforever #monarchy #music #anthem #proud #honoured #glorious #musicvideo #nationalanthem #royalanthem #prideofthenation #headofstate #great #leader #ruler

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