The symbol of the Khamsa is characterized by the design of a symmetrical right hand with five fingers: the finger of the heart at the center, at the sides the ring finger and the index, a little shorter than the heart and equal to each other, and in both ends two thumbs, the same size and somewhat curved outward. Although it is also represented as a normal hand, without curvature on the thumb and pinky fingers.
The term Hand of Fatima refers to Fatima az-Zahra, who lived from 606 to 632, was the daughter of the Prophet Muhammad, and married Ali, the fourth caliph of the Muslims. The legend tells that Fatima was busy in the kitchen of her house preparing dinner for her husband. When he arrives, Fatima comes to greet him, and his great surprise is that he was accompanied by a beautiful concubine. Fatima, with a prudent and silent attitude, returned to the kitchen with great sadness, paid no attention to her actions, and had a pot on the fire with boiling broth and put her hand to remove the stew.
Fatima, because of the strong pain in her heart, did not feel the physical pain, but Ali saw what was happening and rushed to her, shouting, at which moment Fatima realized that her hand was burning and she pulled it out of the pot.
By virtue of the above, "the hand of Fatima" represents good luck and the virtues of patience, fidelity, and fertility. In addition, protection, especially to pregnant women, for their protection of the matrix.
Many know this symbol, which has become very fashionable in tattoos, clothing, and jewelry lately. It's named in Arabic means "five", in reference to the 5 fingers of the human hand. Each tradition has endowed it with its own meanings according to each religion. Even its name has been modified: Khamsa, hamsa, the hand of Miriam (term used in the world of the Sephardic Jews), the hand of Fatima (by the Muslims), and by the Buddhism called "Abhaya Mundra". The symbol, however, has no relation to Judaism or Islam. In fact, a strict interpretation would discourage its widespread use, since the Koran prohibits amulets and superstition in general.
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