September 17, 1665 – Death of King Philip IV of Spain in Madrid, Spain; buried at El Escorial in Spain
Phillip was the eldest son of Philip III and his wife, Margaret of Austria. He ascended the thrones in 1621 and reigned in Spain until his death and in Portugal until 1640. Philip is remembered for his patronage of the arts, including such artists as Diego Velázquez, and his rule over Spain during the challenging period of the Thirty Years' War.
Philip married his first wife, Elisabeth of France, daughter of Henri IV of France, in 1615; with whom he had eight children including Maria Theresa of Austria, wife of Louis XIV of France. In 1649, he married his second wife, Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria and had five children, including Charles II of Spain.
Philip IV died (aged 60) on 17 September 1665 and was succeeded by his four-year-old son, Charles II. Although Charles II was the last from the Spanish Habsburg line, he was succeeded by Philip V, the great grandson of Philip IV. This continued the Spanish dynastic line all the way to the Trastamaras.
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