Canytellis or Kanytelis was founded in Hellenistic period around a karst sinkhole in Cilicia and it was the part of local Olba Kingdom and both Hellenistic and Roman periods it was well-known as a sacred place of worship of Zeus Olbios
During the Byzantine Emperor Theodosius II reign between 408-450 Canytellis lived its golden years and it became a religious centre of the Christians in the region, and the city name was changed as Neapolis, the city was abandoned in the 11th century AD for unknown reasons, then the Seljuk Turks settled around the city
Canytellis is named by the Turks as Kanlidivane, which means "Bloody Place of Madness". According to local legends, in the Roman period, the criminals who had been sentenced to death were thrown into the sinkhole and there were wild beasts waiting for them at the bottom of the sinkhole. The sinkhole is 60m-deep, 90m long by 70m wide.
There are some ruins around the sinkhole, such as churches, Hellenistic tower, olive oil production shops from the Hellenistic period, and tombs which are mostly from the Roman period. On the two sides of the sinkhole, a Roman soldier named Tragomon standing on the north side, and family is known as Armaronxas sitting on the bench on the south side of the rock.
The well-known monumental tomb was erected by Queen Aba as a memorial for her, her husband and two sons, the Greek writer Strabo mentioned about her and her tomb in his Geographia. Queen Aba ruled over the Olba priesthood kingdom around 30 BC. Queen Aba was the daughter of Zenophantes, a tyrant of Cilicia, after some complicated events in her life she became the wife of the king of Olba, but after her husband’s death, she ruled Olba under the Roman protection. In popular culture, the Azerbaijani composer Farhang Huseinov produced the opera Queen Aba (2005) in her honour.
Canytellis 18 km to Erdemli and 55 km to Mersin city centre.
#Olba #Kanlidivane #Kantylis #Canytellis #QueenAba #HellenisticPeriod #RomanEmpire #Greeks #AnatolianCivilization #AsiaMinor #Cilicia #Kilikya #Mersin #İçel #RoughCilicia #DağlikKilikya #AncientTurkey #VisitTurkey #Mediterranean #Akdeniz #FerhangHuseinov #EmperorTheodosiusII #ByzantineEmpire #Strabo