Colder temperatures ❄ raise nutrient requirements of both cows 🐂 and calves. Consequently, extra high quality feed may be necessary to help livestock maintain their core body temperatures and keep the immune system functioning properly.
If grazing 🌾 is not supplemented during winter, an animal’s production and fertility rate declines. Not only does the animal become stunted, if it is pregnant, it is unable to carry to term or raise offspring to maturity.
Namibia is an extensive livestock producing country with a relatively low and highly variable rainfall🌧. Due to this, the nutrient content and availability of the natural pastures fluctuate from year to year and between the wet and dry season.
❗The dry season stretches from May until the end of October. The most difficult period is from August until October, when the nutritional value of natural grazing is at its lowest, and cows are in their final trimester of pregnancy.
It is during this period that livestock suffers most from nutritional deficiencies because of a drop in the nutritional value of natural grazing. ✅Typical licks used in Namibia are winter, summer and production licks. Their use is advocated in both farming sectors, since the benefits have been proven over many years.