Rudolf Ivanovich Abel (real name Vilyam "Willie" Genrikhovich Fisher , (July 11, 1903 – November 15, 1971) was a #Soviet #intelligenceofficer. He adopted his #alias when arrested on #charges of conspiracy by #FBIagents in 1957.
Born in the United Kingdom to Russian émigré parents, Fisher moved to Russia in the 1920s and served in the Soviet military before undertaking foreign service as a radio operator in Soviet intelligence in the late 1920s and early 1930s. He later served in an instructional role before taking part in intelligence operations against the Germans during World War II. After the war, he began working for the KGB, which sent him to the United States where he worked as part of a spy ring based in New York City.
In 1957 the #USFederalCourt in #NewYork convicted Fisher on three counts of #conspiracy as a #Sovietspy for his involvement in what became known as the #HollowNickelCase and sentenced him to 30 years' imprisonment at #AtlantaFederalPenitentiary, #Georgia. He served just over four years of his sentence before he was exchanged for captured #American #U2pilot Francis #GaryPowers. Back in the #SovietUnion, he lectured on his #experiences. He died in 1971 at the age of 68